Seismic performance of non-structural elements during the 2016 Central Italy earthquake

  • D. Perrone
  • P. M. Calvi
  • R. Nascimbene
  • E. C. Fischer
  • G. Magliulo
Original Research Paper


Non-structural elements represent most of the total construction cost of typical buildings. A significant portion of the total losses in recent earthquakes worldwide, has been attributed to damage to non-structural elements. Damage to non-structural elements occurs at low levels of ground shaking, and can significantly affect the post-earthquake functionality of buildings. However, in Europe, limited prescriptions are provided in the codes for seismic design of non-structural elements and this may partially explain why it is so common for these elements to perform poorly during earthquakes. This paper describes the observed damage to non-structural elements following the 2016 Central Italy earthquake. The most commonly damaged elements were partition walls, ceiling systems, non-structural vaults, chimneys, and storage racks. As a result, it was highlighted the need to introduce seismic regulations devoted to improving the seismic performance of non-structural elements and to reduce the associated economic losses, loss of functionality, and potential threats to life safety.


Non-structural elements Central Italy earthquake Post earthquake reconnaissance 



The authors would like to thank the European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering (EUCENTRE) and the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) for providing all the data related to the inspections performed after the Central Italy earthquake.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Perrone
    • 1
  • P. M. Calvi
    • 2
  • R. Nascimbene
    • 3
  • E. C. Fischer
    • 4
  • G. Magliulo
    • 5
  1. 1.University School for Advanced Studies IUSS PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  3. 3.European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake EngineeringPaviaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Civil and Construction EngineeringOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  5. 5.Department of Structures for Engineering and ArchitectureUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly

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