Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

, Volume 15, Issue 12, pp 5329–5364 | Cite as

Shaking table test on a full scale URM cavity wall building

  • F. Graziotti
  • U. Tomassetti
  • S. Kallioras
  • A. Penna
  • G. Magenes
Original Research Paper


A shaking table test on a two-storey full scale unreinforced masonry (URM) building was performed at the EUCENTRE laboratory within a comprehensive research programme on the seismic vulnerability of the existing Dutch URM structures. The building specimen was meant to represent the end-unit of a terraced house, built with cavity walls and without any particular seismic design or detailing. Cavity walls are usually composed of an inner loadbearing leaf and an outer leaf having aesthetic and weather-protection functions. In the tested specimen, the loadbearing masonry was composed of calcium silicate bricks, sustaining two reinforced concrete floors. A pitched timber roof was supported by two gable walls. The veneer was made of clay bricks connected to the inner masonry by means of metallic ties, as seen in common construction practice. An incremental dynamic test was carried out up to the near-collapse limit state of the specimen. The input motions were selected to be consistent with the characteristics of induced seismicity ground motions. The article describes the characteristics of the building and presents the results obtained during the material characterization and the shaking table tests, illustrating the response of the structure, the damage mechanism and its evolution during the experimental phases. All the processed data are freely available upon request (see


Shaking table test Full-scale building URM cavity walls Induced seismicity Calcium silicate bricks 



This paper describes an activity that is part of the project entitled “Study of the vulnerability of masonry buildings in Groningen” at EUCENTRE, undertaken within the framework of the research program for hazard and risk of induced seismicity in Groningen sponsored by the Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij BV. The authors would like to thank all the parties involved in this project: DICAr Lab of University of Pavia and EUCENTRE Lab that performed the test, together with NAM, Arup and TU Delft. The useful advices of R. Pinho, are gratefully acknowledged. Thanks go also to H. Crowley, A. Rossi, M. Mandirola, E. Cenja, F. Dacarro, S. Peloso, F. Cuppari and E. Mellia for their support in the different phases of the experimental campaign.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture - DICArUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering - EUCENTREPaviaItaly
  3. 3.UME SchoolIUSS PaviaPaviaItaly

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