Dissipative devices for earthquake resistant composite steel structures: bolted versus welded solution
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This paper investigates and compares the seismic performance of two types of innovative repairable fuse devices for earthquake resistant composite steel frames through experimental tests and numerical analyses. The fuses are energy dissipating devices consisting of steel plates that can be welded or bolted to the beam web and bottom flange. The numerical analyses performed in this study are based on the results of experimental tests carried out on beam-to-column sub-assemblages equipped with both the types of fuse devices. The main differences in terms of hysteretic behavior and failure modes of the fuses are identified through the experimental campaign. Detailed three-dimensional finite element models of the beam-to-column sub-assemblages are then created to provide a deeper insight into both the response and the effectiveness of the two investigated devices. On the basis of the results of both the experimental tests and numerical analyses, simplified models of different types of fuses are developed in order to study the effects of bolted and welded devices on the seismic response of composite steel frames. The results are then extended to the case of three-dimensional building structures with different number of storeys. The experimental and numerical investigations prove the effectiveness of the fuses and highlight the main differences between the two possible solutions.
KeywordsWelded Bolted Fuse device Energy dissipation Numerical model Non-linear dynamic analysis
The studies reported in this paper were conducted within the scope of the FUSEIS (Dissipative Devices for Seismic Resistant Steel Frames, reference RSFR-CT-2008-00032) research project, financed by the Research Fund for Coal and Steel, of the European Commission.
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