Desialylation Decreases the Resistance of Apo B-Containing Lipoproteins to Aggregation and Increases Their Atherogenic Potential
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Subfractions of apo B-containing lipoproteins (VLDL and intermediate-density lipoproteins) with reduced content of sialic acid were found in human blood. These lipoproteins are characterized by high capacity to spontaneous association (aggregation) and stimulated accumulation of cholesterol in smooth muscle cells of human aortic intima. In vitro treatment of apo B-containing lipoproteins with α-2,6-sialidase and α-2,3-sialidase stimulated aggregation and increased the ability of these particles to potentiate cholesterol accumulation in smooth muscle cells of the intact human aortic intima. Probably, desialylation of various apo B-containing lipoproteins can occur in the blood; this process decreases their resistance to aggregation, and increases the ability of these particles to stimulate accumulation of cholesterol in human aortic intima cells, i.e. increases their atherogenic potential.
Key Wordssialic acid sialidase desialylated lipoproteins aggregation of lipoproteins atherosclerosis
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