, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 43–59 | Cite as

The Taxonomy of a Japanese Stroll Garden: An Ontological Investigation Using Formal Concept Analysis

  • Michael Fowler
Original Paper


This paper introduces current acoustic theories relating to the phenomenology of sound as a framework for interrogating concepts relating to the ecologies of acoustic and landscape phenomena in a Japanese stroll garden. By applying the technique of Formal Concept Analysis, a partially ordered lattice of garden objects and attributes is visualized as a means to investigate the relationship between elements of the taxonomy.


Formal concept analysis Japanese garden Acoustic theory Design studies 



This research is supported by the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachgebiet AudiokommunikationTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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