Small Autonomous kW-Level Power Generation Based on Radioisotope and Renewable Energy Sources for the Arctic Zone and the Far East
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In the near future, the demand for autonomous kW-level electric power generating plants in the Arctic zone and in the Far East will number in the tens and hundreds. In the present article, the operational characteristics of radioisotope thermoelectric generators with direct conversion of heat into electricity, which are being decommissioned, are analyzed. Schemes for autonomous electric power plants based on renewable sources of energy and electrochemical cells are proposed as alternatives. The problems arising in the development of such plants are analyzed. The results achieved in meeting concrete orders from operating organizations are discussed. It is concluded that autonomous electric power plants with renewable sources of energy and fuel cells hold promise.
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