Some Results of Multicriterial and Robust Optimization of Nuclear Power Systems Structure
- 29 Downloads
The possibility of applying multicriterial and robust optimization methods as well as stochastic methods of determining the effect of uncertainties in the parameters of a system to structural optimization of nuclear power is discussed for the example of a hypothetical nuclear-power system consisting of thermal and fast reactors. It is shown that the optimal structures of nuclear power systems obtained by such methods are balanced in terms of conflicting criteria and technologically more diversified than those determined by single-criterion deterministic optimization. Cost-based innovative technologies, which can be adopted only by imposing additional external limitations in a single-criterion problem, appear in such structures. The examined methods make it possible to determine on a systematic basis the structures of nuclear power that are balanced in terms of a set of conflicting criteria, since factors having both positive and negative effects on the development of nuclear-power systems are included in the calculations, and to find economically efficient directions of structural changes in the system in order to improve stability and efficiency.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.A. A. Andrianov, I. S. Kuptsov, and V. M. Murogov, “Towards sustainable nuclear power development,” ATW: Int. J. Nucl. Power, 59, No. 5, 287–293 (2014).Google Scholar
- 3.V. Kuznetsov, G. Fesenko, A. Andrianov, and I. Kuptsov, “INPRO activities on development of advanced tools to support judgement aggregation for comparative evaluation of nuclear energy systems,” Sci. Technol. Nucl. Install. (2015), ID 910162.Google Scholar
- 5.MESSAGE – Model for Energy Supply Strategy Alternatives and Their General Environmental Impacts: User Manual, IAEA, Vienna (2007).Google Scholar
- 8.Y. V. Shevelev, Normative Economic Theory of Socialism: How Socialism Can Become More Efficient than Capitalism, Ekonomika, Moscow (1991).Google Scholar
- 9.A. Andrianov, “Approaches and software for multi-objective optimization of nuclear power structures,” Sust. Nucl. Energy, 4, 721–739 (2012).Google Scholar
- 10.A. A. Andrianov, V. V. Korobeinikov, E. V. Poplavskaya, et al., “Optimization studies of the structure of nuclear power of Russia with reactors based on thermal and fast neutrons using the MESSAGE package,” Izv.Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Yad. Energet., No. 2, 156–164 (2010).Google Scholar
- 11.R. A. Krakowski and C. G. Bathke, Reduction of Worldwide Plutonium Inventories Using Conventional Reactors and Advance Fuels: a Systems Study, LA-UR-97-2809 (1997).Google Scholar
- 12.Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Radioactive Waste Management, OECD/NEA (2006).Google Scholar