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Statistical study of the north–south asymmetry of the solar differential rotation based on various solar structures during 1966–1985

The time variation and latitude dependence of the solar rotation are found using observational data on Hα filaments and compact magnetic features with different polarities during solar activity cycles 20 and 21 (1966–1985). Statistical analysis of the observational data shows that there is a north–south asymmetry in the rotation, both for the Hα filaments and for compact magnetic features (structures) with negative and positive polarities. The N-S asymmetry in the differential rotation of the Hα filaments and the compact magnetic features with both polarities shows up quite distinctly in solar activity cycles 20 and 21, but the asymmetry for the compact magnetic features with positive polarity is comparatively lower in cycle 21. The confidence level is lower the compact magnetic features with positive polarity than for the compact magnetic features with negative polarity.

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Correspondence to M. Sh. Gigolashvili.

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Translated from Astrofizika, Vol. 54, No. 4, pp. 653–664 (November 2011).

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Gigolashvili, M.S., Japaridze, D.R. & Mdzinarishvili, T.G. Statistical study of the north–south asymmetry of the solar differential rotation based on various solar structures during 1966–1985. Astrophysics 54, 593–602 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10511-011-9208-3

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Keywords

  • solar rotation
  • filaments
  • compact magnetic features