Can observations inside the Solar System reveal the gravitational properties of the quantum vacuum?
The understanding of the gravitational properties of the quantum vacuum might be the next scientific revolution. It was recently proposed that the quantum vacuum contains the virtual gravitational dipoles; we argue that this hypothesis might be tested within the Solar System. The key point is that the quantum vacuum (“enriched” with the gravitational dipoles) induces a retrograde precession of the perihelion. It is obvious that this phenomenon might eventually be revealed by more accurate studies of orbits of planets and orbits of the artificial Earth satellites. However, we suggest that potentially the best “laboratory” for the study of the gravitational properties of the quantum vacuum is the recently discovered dwarf planet Eris with its satellite named Dysnomia; the distance of nearly 100 AU from the Sun makes it the unique system in which the precession of the perihelion of Dysnomia (around Eris) is strongly dominated by the quantum vacuum.