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Table 2 Mental health diagnoses and traumatic experiences prior to the onset of gender dysphoria

From: Individuals Treated for Gender Dysphoria with Medical and/or Surgical Transition Who Subsequently Detransitioned: A Survey of 100 Detransitioners

  Natal female N (%)
N = 69
Natal male N (%)
N = 31
Diagnosed with a mental illness or neurodevelopmental disability*a
Depression 27 (39.1%) 5 (16.1%)
Anxiety 22 (31.9%) 5 (16.1%)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 10 (14.5%) 2 (6.5%)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 10 (14.5%) 1 (3.2%)
Eating disorders 10 (14.5%) 0 (0%)
Autism spectrum disorders 9 (13.0%) 1 (3.2%)
Bipolar disorder 9 (13.0%) 0 (0%)
Obsessive compulsive disorder 6 (8.7%) 3 (9.7%)
Borderline personality disorder 5 (7.2%) 0 (0%)
Schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders 1 (1.4%) 0 (0%)
None of the above 28 (40.6%) 17 (54.8%)
Other 7 (10.1%) 2 (6.5%)
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI)b
Engaged in NSSI before the onset of gender dysphoria 19 (27.5%) 5 (16.1%)
Traumac
Experienced a trauma less than one year before the start of gender dysphoria 33 (47.8%) 4 (12.9%)
  1. *May select more than one answer
  2. aNatal sex difference for one or more pre-existing diagnoses (100-none of the above) was not significant [χ2(1, 100) = 1.76]
  3. bNatal sex differences for NSSI before the onset of gender dysphoria was not significant (χ2 = 1.52)
  4. cExperiencing a trauma less than one year before the start of gender dysphoria was statistically different [χ2(1, 100) = 11.19, p < .001] with natal females > natal males