Several studies reported that pitch and articulation may vary according to a person’s sexual orientation. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether homosexual males also demonstrate differences in nasal resonance compared to heterosexual males. Speech samples of 30 self-identified homosexual males, 35 heterosexual males, and 34 heterosexual females were compared both instrumentally and perceptually. Nasalance scores were calculated for the sounds /a/, /i/, /u/, and /m/ and for an oronasal, oral, and nasal text. In addition, the Nasality Severity Index was determined. Spontaneous speech samples were used for a perceptual evaluation of nasal resonance. Neither the nasalance scores nor the Nasality Severity Index were significantly different between the homosexual and heterosexual males. Heterosexual females, on the other hand, showed significantly higher nasalance values for the oronasal and oral text and a significantly lower Nasality Severity Index than both the homosexual and the heterosexual males. The perceptual judgment revealed no significant differences between the three groups. The results of this study suggest that, in contrast to pitch and articulation, nasality does not tend to vary with sexual orientation.
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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the Commission for Medical Ethics of the Ghent University Hospital (project number: EC/2015/1226). All participants signed an informed consent form.
Appendix (Translated from Dutch)
Appendix (Translated from Dutch)
This questionnaire was originally developed for young people who are in doubt about their sexual orientation. Not every question has the same value. The relative value of a question is indicated by the number of plusses between brackets (ranging from 1 to 3). A positive score yields the maximum number of plusses; a negative score yields no plus.
Did you ever experience feelings of affectional attraction for someone of the opposite sex? (+++)
Did you ever develop erotic fantasies about someone of the opposite sex? (+++)
Have you ever felt uncomfortable or even felt aversion for the sexual body or the sexuality of someone of the opposite sex? (+++)
Did you ever experience a tender and enduring longing for a peer of your own gender? (+++)
Did you already intuitively know at a very young age that you thoroughly differed from your friends and girlfriends? (++)
Did you ever have enduring physical erotic longings and fantasies of a male–male nature but without a sensation of being in love? (+)
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Vanpoucke, B., Cosyns, M., Bettens, K. et al. Nasality in Homosexual Men: A Comparison with Heterosexual Men and Women. Arch Sex Behav 48, 1443–1449 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-018-1306-4
- Sexual orientation