Dysregulated Pornography Use and the Possibility of a Unipathway Approach

The Original Article was published on 03 August 2018

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Alcoholics Anonymous. (2018). Is A.A. for you? Retrieved from www.aa.org.

  2. American Psychiatric Association. (2016). What is gambling disorder? Retrieved from www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/gambling-disorder/what-is-gambling-disorder.

  3. Arterburn, S., Stoeker, F., & Yorkey, M. (2009). Every man’s battle: Winning the war on sexual temptation one victory at a time. Colorado Springs, CO: WaterBrook Press.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Carnes, P. J., Delmonico, D. L., & Griffin, E. (2009). In the shadows of the net: Breaking free of compulsive online sexual behavior. Center City, MN: Hazelden.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Cooper, A., Delmonico, D. L., & Burg, R. (2000). Cybersex users, abusers, and compulsives: New findings and implications. Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity, 7, 5–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/1072016000.8400205.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Dallas, J. (2009). 5 steps to breaking free from porn. Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Foubert, J. D. (2017). How pornography harms. Bloomington, IN: LifeRich.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Grubbs, J. B., Exline, J. J., Pargament, K. I., Hook, J. N., & Carlisle, R. D. (2015). Transgression as addiction: Religiosity and moral disapproval as predictors of perceived addiction to pornography. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 44, 125–136. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-013-0257-z.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  9. Grubbs, J. B., Perry, S. L., Wilt, J. A., & Reid, R. C. (2018). Pornography problems due to moral incongruence: An integrative model with a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Sexual Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-018-1248-x.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  10. Grubbs, J. B., Wilt, J. A., Exline, J. J., & Pargament, K. I. (2018). Predicting pornography use over time: Does self-reported “addiction” matter? Addictive Behaviors, 82, 57–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.02.028.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Hald, G. M., Seaman, C., & Linz, D. (2014). Sexuality and pornography. In D. L. Tolman & L. M. Diamond (Eds.), APA handbook of sexuality and psychology (pp. 3–35). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Lancer, D. (2017). When someone you love is an alcoholic or addict. Retrieved from www.psychologytoday.com.

  13. Li, N. P., van Vugt, M., & Colarelli, S. M. (2018). The evolutionary mismatch hypothesis: Implications for psychological science. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 27, 38–44. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721417731378.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Linz, D., & Malamuth, N. M. (1993). Pornography. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  15. Louie, S. (2016). Once an addict, always an addict. Retrieved from www.psychologytoday.com.

  16. Paul, P. (2007). Pornified: How pornography is transforming our lives, our relationships, and our families. New York: Owl Books.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Reid, R. C., Carpenter, B. N., Hook, J. N., Garos, S., Manning, J. C., Gilliland, R., & Fong, T. (2012). Report of findings in a DSM-5 field trial for hypersexual disorder. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9, 2868–2877. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02936.x.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. Rojas, H., Shah, D. V., & Faber, R. J. (1996). For the good of others: Censorship and the third-person effect. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 8, 163–186. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijpor/8.2.163.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Schneider, J. P., & Weiss, R. (2001). Cybersex exposed: Simple fantasy or obsession? Center City, MN: Hazelden.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Spinella, M. (2003). Evolutionary mismatch, neural reward circuits, and pathological gambling. International Journal of Neuroscience, 113, 503–512. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207450390162254.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. Twohig, M. P., & Crosby, J. M. (2010). Acceptance and commitment therapy as a treatment for problematic internet pornography viewing. Behavior Therapy, 41, 285–295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2009.06.002.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  22. Weinberg, M. S., Williams, C. J., Kleiner, S., & Irizarry, Y. (2010). Pornography, normalization, and empowerment. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 1389–1401. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-009-9592-5.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  23. Weiss, R. (2015). Sex addiction: Understanding the role of denial. Retrieved from www.addiction.com.

  24. World Health Organization. (2018). Gaming disorder. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/features/qa/gaming-disorder/en/.

  25. Wright, P. J. (2010). Sexual compulsivity and 12-step peer and sponsor supportive communication: A cross-lagged panel analysis. Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity, 17, 154–169. https://doi.org/10.1080/10720161003796123.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Wright, P. J. (2011). Communicative dynamics and recovery from sexual addiction: An inconsistent nurturing as control theory analysis. Communication Quarterly, 59, 395–414. https://doi.org/10.1080/01463373.2011.597284.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Wright, P. J. (2018). Sex education, public opinion, and pornography: A conditional process analysis. Journal of Health Communication, 23, 495–502. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2018.1472316.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  28. Wright, P. J., Bae, S., & Funk, M. (2013). United States women and pornography through four decades: Exposure, attitudes, behaviors, individual differences. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 1131–1144. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-013-0116-y.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  29. Wright, P. J., & McKinley, C. J. (2010). Services and information for sexually compulsive students on college counseling center websites: Results from a national sample. Journal of Health Communication, 15, 665–678. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2010.499596.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Wright, P. J., Sun, C., & Steffen, N. (2018). Pornography consumption, perceptions of pornography as sexual information, and condom use in Germany. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2018.1462278.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  31. Wright, P. J., Tokunaga, R. S., Kraus, A., & Klann, E. (2017). Pornography consumption and satisfaction: A meta-analysis. Human Communication Research, 43, 315–343. https://doi.org/10.1111/hcre.12108.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Young, K. S. (2008). Internet sex addiction: Risk factors, stages of development, and treatment. American Behavioral Scientist, 52, 21–37. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764208321339.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Paul J. Wright.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wright, P.J. Dysregulated Pornography Use and the Possibility of a Unipathway Approach. Arch Sex Behav 48, 455–460 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-018-1277-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • Moral Incongruence
  • Pornography Users
  • Pornography Addiction
  • Viewing Pornography Online
  • Pornography Consumption