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Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 1251–1264 | Cite as

Examining the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale Among Members of an Alternative Sexuality Special Interest Group

  • Robert J. Cramer
  • Frank D. Golom
  • Tess M. Gemberling
  • Kristen Trost
  • Robin Lewis
  • Susan Wright
Original Paper

Abstract

The present study contributes to a growing body of literature developing psychometrically and theoretically grounded measures of sexual orientation minority identity. We tested psychometric properties and construct validity of a 27-item measure, the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale (LGBIS). The sample consisted of 475 adult (178 male, 237 female, 16 male-to-female, 14 female-to-male, and 30 gender queer persons) members of a special interest group, the National Coalition for Sexual Freedom. Participants completed a health needs questionnaire. Prominent findings included (1) confirmatory factor-analytic, internal consistency, and inter-correlation patterns support two LGBIS factor structures; (2) men, compared primarily to women, reported elevated scores on Acceptance Concerns, Concealment Motivation, Difficulty Process, and Negative Identity; (3) queer-identifying persons tended to report low Concealment Motivation, and high Identity Affirmation and Identity Centrality scores; (4) experimenting/fluid-identifying individuals tended toward higher Identity Uncertainty and Negative Identity, and lower Identity Centrality scores; (5) LGB community involvement was negatively associated with Concealment Motivation, Identity Uncertainty, and Negative Identity, and positively associated with Identity Superiority, Identity Affirmation, and Identity Centrality scores; and (6) Acceptance Concerns, Identity Uncertainty, and Internalized Homonegativity displayed significant positive associations with such mental health symptoms as general anxiety and posttraumatic stress. The LGBIS represents a useful approach to evaluating sexual orientation minority identity. Implications for identity theory, research, and practice are provided.

Keywords

Sexual orientation Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale Queer BDSM Mental health 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animals Rights

The study was approved by a university Human Subjects Institution Review Board (IRB).

Informed Consent

All participants electing to participate clicked an electronic consent agreement after being provided information concerning participant rights, study description and contact information for the IRB and study team.

Supplementary material

10508_2017_1120_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 23 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Cramer
    • 1
    • 5
  • Frank D. Golom
    • 2
  • Tess M. Gemberling
    • 3
  • Kristen Trost
    • 1
  • Robin Lewis
    • 4
    • 5
  • Susan Wright
    • 6
  1. 1.School of Community and Environmental HealthOld Dominion UniversityNorfolkUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyLoyola University MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyOld Dominion UniversityNorfolkUSA
  5. 5.Virginia Consortium Program in Clinical PsychologyNorfolkUSA
  6. 6.National Coalition for Sexual FreedomBaltimoreUSA

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