Advertisement

Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 47, Issue 6, pp 1755–1768 | Cite as

First Postpubertal Male Same-Sex Sexual Experience in the National Health and Social Life Survey: Current Functioning in Relation to Age at Time of Experience and Partner Age

  • Bruce Rind
Original Paper

Abstract

This study used an important data set to examine long-term adjustment and functioning in men, who as adolescents had sexual experiences with men. The data came from the National Health and Social Life Survey, which used a national probability sample (Laumann, Gagnon, Michael, & Michaels, 1994). Three perspectives were considered, which offered different predictions. From the “child sexual abuse” (CSA) paradigm, which dominates clinical, legal, and lay views, expected was robust evidence for poorer adjustment, given that intense harm is assumed to be intrinsic. From the “mainstream psychological” perspective, derived from the CSA paradigm but more scientifically based, poorer adjustment was also expected, but with less magnitude, given that minor–adult sex is seen as posing a serious risk of harm, which may not universally apply. From the “relevant-empirical” perspective, which infers response to male adolescent–adult same-sex sex from relevant prior empirical research (as opposed to clinical cases or the female experience), expected was little or no evidence for poorer adjustment. Results supported the relevant-empirical perspective. Compared to several control groups (i.e., men whose first postpubertal same-sex sex was as men with other men; men with no postpubertal same-sex sexual experience or child–adult sex), men whose first postpubertal same-sex sex was as adolescents with men were just as well adjusted in terms of health, happiness, sexual functioning, and educational and career achievement. Results are discussed in relation to cultural influences, other cultures, and comparative data from primates.

Keywords

National Health and Social Life Survey Same-sex sexual experiences First postpubertal sex Child sexual abuse Sexual orientation 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

There were no conflicts of interest, and the research is secondary research on the NHSLS data, so informed consent is not an issue.

References

  1. Adam, B. D. (1985). Age, structure, and sexuality: Reflections on the anthropological evidence on homosexual relations. Journal of Homosexuality, 11, 19–33.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Arreola, S., Neilands, T., Pollack, L., Paul, J., & Catania, J. (2008). Childhood sexual experiences and adult health sequelae among gay and bisexual men: Defining childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Sex Research, 45, 246–252.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Carballo-Diéguez, A., Balan, I., Dolezal, C., & Mello, M. B. (2012). Recalled sexual experiences in childhood with older partners: A study of Brazilian men who have sex with men and male-to-female transgender persons. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 363–376.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Chandra, A., Mosher, W. D., Copen, C., & Sionean, C. (2011). Sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual identity in the United States: Data from the 2006–2008 National Survey of Family Growth. National Health Statistics Reports, 36, 1–36.Google Scholar
  5. Clancy, S. (2009). The trauma myth: The truth about the sexual abuse of children—And its aftermath. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  6. Crapo, R. H. (1995). Factors in the cross-cultural patterning of male homosexuality: A reappraisal of the literature. Cross-Cultural Research, 29, 178–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Crompton, L. (2003). Homosexuality and civilization. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University.Google Scholar
  8. Dimock, P. T. (1988). Adult males sexually abused as children. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 3, 203–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dixson, A. F. (2010). Homosexual behavior in primates. In A. Polani (Ed.), Animal homosexuality: A biosocial perspective (pp. 381–400). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dixson, A. F. (2012). Primate sexuality: Comparative studies of the prosimians, monkeys, apes, and humans (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dolezal, C., & Carballo-Diéguez, A. (2002). Childhood sexual experiences and the perception of abuse among Latino men who have sex with men. Journal of Sex Research, 39, 165–173.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Dolezal, C., Carballo-Diéguez, A., Balán, I., Pando, M. A., Mabraga, M., Marone, R., et al. (2014). Childhood sexual experiences with an older partner among men who have sex with men in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Child Abuse and Neglect, 38, 271–279.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and danger: An analysis of the concepts of pollution and taboo. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Finkelhor, D. (1979). Sexually victimized children. New York, NY: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  15. Ford, C. S., & Beach, F. A. (1951). Patterns of sexual behavior. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  16. Gebhard, P. H., Gagnon, J. H., Pomeroy, W. B., & Christenson, C. V. (1965). Sex offenders: An analysis of types. NewYork: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  17. Greenberg, D. (1988). The construction of homosexuality. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  18. Herdt, G. (1991). Representations of homosexuality: An essay on cultural ontology and historical comparison (Part II). Journal of the History of Sexuality, 1, 603–632.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Jenkins, P. (1998). Moral panic: Changing concepts of the child-molester in modem America. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Jenkins, P. (2006). The decade of nightmares: The end of the Sixties and the making of Eighties America. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Kinsey, A. C., Pomeroy, W. B., & Martin, C. E. (1948). Sexual behavior in the human male. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.Google Scholar
  22. Lancaster, R. N. (2011). Sex panic and the punitive state. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Laumann, E. O., Gagnon, J. H., Michael, R. T., & Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality: Sexual practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  24. Leca, J. B., Gunst, N., & Vasey, P. L. (2014). Male homosexual behavior in a free-ranging all-male group of Japanese macaques at Minoo, Japan. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43, 853–861.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Lloyd, S., & Operario, D. (2012). HIV risk among men who have sex with men who have experienced childhood sexual abuse: Systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS Education and Prevention, 24, 228–241.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Mendel, M. R. (1995). The male survivor. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Metha, C. R., & Patel, N. R. (2011). IBM SPSS exact tests. Armonk, NY: IBM Corporation.Google Scholar
  28. Mimiaga, M. J., Noonan, E., Donnell, D., Safren, S. A., Koenen, K. I. C., Gortmaker, S., et al. (2009). Childhood sexual abuse is highly associated with HIV risk-taking behavior and infection among MSM in the EXPLORE Study. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 51, 340–348.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Myers, M. F. (1989). Men sexually assaulted as adults and sexually abused as boys. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 18, 203–215.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Nathan, D., & Snedeker, M. (1995). Satan’s silence: Ritual abuse and the making of a modern American witchhunt. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  31. Paul, J. P., Catania, J., Pollack, L., & Stall, R. (2001). Understanding childhood sexual abuse as a predictor of sexual risk-taking among men who have sex with men: The Urban Men’s Health Study. Child Abuse and Neglect, 25, 557–584.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Pope, H. G., & Hudson, J. I. (1995). Does childhood sexual abuse cause adult psychiatric disorders? Essentials of methodology. Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 23, 363–381.Google Scholar
  33. Rind, B. (1998). Biased use of cross-cultural and historical perspectives on male homosexuality in human sexuality textbooks. Journal of Sex Research, 35, 397–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rind, B. (2001). Gay and bisexual adolescent boys’ sexual experiences with men: An empirical examination of psychological correlates in a nonclinical sample. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 30, 345–368.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Rind, B., & Tromovitch, P. (1997). A meta-analytic review of findings from national samples on psychological correlates of child sexual abuse. Journal of Sex Research, 34, 237–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rind, B., & Tromovitch, P. (2007). National samples, sexual abuse in childhood, and adjustment in adulthood: A commentary on Najman, Dunne, Purdie, Boyle, and Coxeter (2005). Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36, 101–106.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Rind, B., Tromovitch, P., & Bauserman, R. (1998). A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 22–53.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Rind, B., Tromovitch, P., & Bauserman, R. (2001). The validity and appropriateness of methods, analyses, and conclusions in Rind et al. (1998): A rebuttal of victimological critique from Ondersma et al. (2001) and Dallam et al. (2001). Psychological Bulletin, 127, 734–758.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Rind, B., & Welter, M. (2016). Reactions to first postpubertal male same-sex sexual experience in the Kinsey sample: A comparison of minors with peers, minors with adults, and adults with adults. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45, 1771–1786.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Rind, B., & Yuill, R. (2012). Hebephilia as mental disorder? A historical, cross-cultural, sociological, cross-species, non-clinical empirical, and evolutionary review. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 797–829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sandfort, T. G. M. (1984). Sex in pedophiliac relationships: An empirical investigation among a nonrepresentative group of boys. Journal of Sex Research, 20, 123–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stanley, J. L., Bartholomew, K., & Oram, D. (2004). Gay and bisexual men’s age-discrepant childhood sexual experiences. Journal of Sex Research, 41, 381–389.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Tindall, R. H. (1978). The male adolescent involved with a pederast becomes an adult. Journal of Homosexuality, 3, 373–382.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LeipzigGermany

Personalised recommendations