No Contradictions, But Directions for Further Research: A Reply to Hellmer and Stenson (2016)
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We are grateful to Hellmer and Stenson (2016) for taking an interest in our research and attempting to replicate our study in a Swedish sample. While their failure to replicate the findings reported in Oldmeadow and Dixson (2015) provides food for thought, it does not contradict our findings of an association between facial hair and sexism nor does it challenge our view that expressing masculinity and dominance is a motivating force behind some men’s choices to wear facial hair. Rather, their results suggest that the relationship between facial hair and sexism may not hold in all cultures, highlighting that further research is needed to identify the cultural level moderators of the relationship.
To begin with, does a lack of relationship between facial hair and sexism among Swedish men render inaccurate our inference that “sexually dimorphic masculine traits are a means by which men can differentiate themselves from women and potentially reinforce their feelings of masculinity and...