Conservative Beliefs, Attitudes Toward Bisexuality, and Willingness to Engage in Romantic and Sexual Activities With a Bisexual Partner
- 1.1k Downloads
Negative attitudes toward bisexuals have been documented among heterosexuals as well as lesbians/gay men, and a common theme is that bisexuals would not be suitable romantic or sexual partners. While gender, sexual orientation, and attitudes toward bisexuality influence people’s willingness to engage in romantic or sexual activities with a bisexual partner, there are other individual differences that may contribute. The current study examined the associations between four types of conservative beliefs and willingness to engage in romantic/sexual activities with a bisexual partner in a sample of heterosexuals and lesbians/gay men (N = 438). Attitudes toward bisexuality were examined as a mediator of these associations. In general, results indicated that higher social dominance orientation, political conservatism, and essentialist beliefs about the discreteness of homosexuality were associated with lower willingness to engage in romantic/sexual activities with a bisexual partner. Further, more negative attitudes toward bisexuality mediated these associations. There were several meaningful differences in these associations between heterosexual women, heterosexual men, lesbian women, and gay men, suggesting that influences on people’s willingness to be romantically or sexually involved with a bisexual partner may differ for different gender and sexual orientation groups. Implications for reducing stigma and discrimination against bisexual individuals are addressed.
KeywordsBisexuality Romantic Sexual behavior Dating Conservative beliefs
This material is based upon work supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship awarded to Brian A. Feinstein (Grant No. 1315232). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
- Allport, G. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
- Bell, A. P., & Weinberg, M. S. (1978). Homosexualities: A study of diversity among men and women. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
- Biernat, M., Vescio, T. K., Theno, S. A., & Crandall, C. S. (1996). Values and prejudice: Toward understanding the impact of American values on outgroup attitudes. In C. Seligman, J. M. Olson, & M. P. Zanna (Eds.), The psychology of values: The Ontario Symposium (Vol. 8, pp. 153–189). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Blosnich, J. R., Farmer, G. W., Lee, J. L., Silenzio, V. M., & Bowen, D. J. (2014). Health inequalities among sexual minority adults: Evidence from ten US states, 2010. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 46(4), 337–349. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2013.11.010.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136–162). London: Sage Ltd.Google Scholar
- Burnham, K. P., & Anderson, D. (2002). Model selection and multimodel inference: A practical information-theoretic approach (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Case, K. A., Fishbein, H. D., & Ritchey, P. N. (2008). Personality, prejudice, and discrimination against women and homosexuals. Current Research in Social Psychology, 14, 23–38.Google Scholar
- Dyar, C., Lytle, A., London, B., & Levy, S. R. (in press). Application of bisexuality research to the development of a set of guidelines for intervention efforts to reduce binegativity. Translational Issues in Psychological Science.Google Scholar
- Harry, J. (1984). Gay couples. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Hugelshofer, D. S. (2006). The effectiveness of lesbian, gay, and bisexual speaker panels in facilitating attitude and behavior change among heterosexual university students (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text. (3248125).Google Scholar
- Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- McCarthy, J. (May, 2014). Same-sex marriage support reaches new high at 55%. Retrieved on May 23, 2014 from: http://www.gallup.com/poll/169640/sex-marriage-support-reaches-new-high.aspx?.
- Morin, S. F. (1974). Educational programs as a means of changing attitudes toward gay people. Homosexual Counseling Journal, 1(4), 160–165.Google Scholar
- Rothbart, M., & Taylor, M. (1992). Category labels and social reality: Do we view social categories as natural kinds? In G. R. Semin & K. Fiedler (Eds.), Language and social cognition (pp. 11–36). London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Yzerbyt, V., Rocher, S., & Schadron, G. (1997). Stereotypes as explanations: A subjective essentialistic view of group perception. In R. Spears, P. J. Oakes, N. Ellemers, & S. A. Haslam (Eds.), The social psychology of stereotyping and group life (pp. 20–50). Cambridge, UK: Blackwell.Google Scholar