Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 291–302 | Cite as

Women’s Endorsement of Models of Sexual Response: Correlates and Predictors

  • Krzysztof NowosielskiEmail author
  • Beata Wróbel
  • Robert Kowalczyk
Original Paper


Few studies have investigated endorsement of female sexual response models, and no single model has been accepted as a normative description of women’s sexual response. The aim of the study was to establish how women from a population-based sample endorse current theoretical models of the female sexual response—the linear models and circular model (partial and composite Basson models)—as well as predictors of endorsement. Accordingly, 174 heterosexual women aged 18–55 years were included in a cross-sectional study: 74 women diagnosed with female sexual dysfunction (FSD) based on DSM-5 criteria and 100 non-dysfunctional women. The description of sexual response models was used to divide subjects into four subgroups: linear (Masters–Johnson and Kaplan models), circular (partial Basson model), mixed (linear and circular models in similar proportions, reflective of the composite Basson model), and a different model. Women were asked to choose which of the models best described their pattern of sexual response and how frequently they engaged in each model. Results showed that 28.7 % of women endorsed the linear models, 19.5 % the partial Basson model, 40.8 % the composite Basson model, and 10.9 % a different model. Women with FSD endorsed the partial Basson model and a different model more frequently than did non-dysfunctional controls. Individuals who were dissatisfied with a partner as a lover were more likely to endorse a different model. Based on the results, we concluded that the majority of women endorsed a mixed model combining the circular response with the possibility of an innate desire triggering a linear response. Further, relationship difficulties, not FSD, predicted model endorsement.


Female Sexual response cycle Sexual dysfunction DSM-5 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krzysztof Nowosielski
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Beata Wróbel
    • 1
    • 3
  • Robert Kowalczyk
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Gynecology and ObstetricsSpecialist Teaching Hospital in TychyTychyPoland
  2. 2.Department of Sexology and Family Planning, Faculty of Health ScienceMedical College in SosnowiecSosnowiecPoland
  3. 3.Center for Sexual MedicineDabrowa GorniczaPoland
  4. 4.Department of Sexology, Faculty of Psychology and ArtsAndrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow UniversityKrakówPoland

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