Meeting Sex Partners Through the Internet, Risky Sexual Behavior, and HIV Testing Among Sexually Transmitted Infections Clinic Patients
- 828 Downloads
The Internet has now become a popular venue to meet sex partners. People who use the Internet to meet sex partners may be at a higher risk for contracting HIV and STIs. This study examined the association between meeting sex partners from the Internet, and HIV testing, STI history, and risky sexual behavior. Data were obtained from the Virginia Department of Health STD Surveillance Network. Logistic regression models were used to obtain crude and adjusted odds ratios, and 95 % confidence intervals for the associations between meeting sex partners through the Internet and ever tested for HIV, HIV testing in the past 12 months, STI history, and risky sexual behavior. Logistic regression was also used to determine if gender and men who have sex with men interaction terms significantly improved the model. Women who met a sex partner from the Internet were more likely to have had an HIV test in the past 12 months than women who did not meet a partner in this way. On the other hand, men who met a sex partner through the Internet were more likely to have ever had an HIV test than other men, but this was only seen for heterosexual men. All populations who met a sex partner from the Internet were more likely to take part in risky sexual behavior. HIV prevention strategies should emphasize annual testing for all populations.
KeywordsInternet HIV testing STI Risky behavior Surveillance
Portions of the data used for this analysis were collected with support from CDC Grant number 5H25PS001282, the STD Surveillance Network (SSuN), to the Virginia Department of Health, Division of Disease Prevention.
- Branson, B. M., Handsfield, H. H., Lampe, M. A., Janssen, R. S., Taylor, A. W., … Clark, J. E. (2006). Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 55, 1–17.Google Scholar
- Buhi, E. R., Klinkenberger, N., McFarlane, M., Kachur, R., Daley, E. M., Baldwin, J., … Rietmeijer C. (2013). Evaluating the Internet as a sexually transmitted disease risk environment for teens: Findings from the communication, health, and teens study. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 40, 528–533.Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2011. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
- Hays, R. B., Paul, J., Ekstrand, M., Kegeles, S. M., Stall, R., & Coates, T. J. (1997). Actual versus perceived HIV status, sexual behaviors and predictors of unprotected sex among young gay and bisexual men who identify as HIV-negative, HIV-positive and untested. AIDS, 11, 1495–1502.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Newman, L. M., Dowell, D., Bernstein, K., Donnelly, J., Martins, S., Stenger, M., …Weinstock, H. (2012). A tale of two gonorrhea epidemics: Results from the STD surveillance network. Public Health Reports, 127, 282–292Google Scholar
- Oshri, A., Tubman, J. G., Morgan-Lopez, A. A., Saavedra, L. M., & Csizmadia, A. (2013). Sexual sensation seeking, co-occurring sex and alcohol use, and sexual risk behavior among adolescents in treatment for substance use problems. American Journal on Addictions, 22, 197–205.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Rietmeijer, C.A., Donnelly, J., Bernstein K. T., Bissette, J. M., Martins, S., Pathela, P., … Newman, L. M. (2009). Here comes the SSuN: Early experiences with the STD Surveillance Network. Public Health Reports, 124, 72–77Google Scholar
- Stall, R., Mills, T. C., Williamson, J., Hart, T., Greenwood, G., Paul, J., … Catania, J. A. (2003). Association of co-occurring psychosocial health problems and increased vulnerability to HIV/AIDS among urban men who have sex with men. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 939–942Google Scholar
- Virginia Department of Health, Office of Epidemiology Division of Disease Prevention. (2011). STD Surveillance Network Report.Google Scholar
- Whiteley, L. B., Brown, L. K., Swenson, R. R., Valois, R. F., Vanable, P. A., Carey, M. P., … Romer, D. (2012). African American adolescents meeting sex partners online: Closing the digital research divide in STI/HIV prevention. Journal of Primary Prevention, 33, 13–18Google Scholar