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Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 43, Issue 8, pp 1547–1557 | Cite as

On the Validity of Popular Masculinity Rating Scales with Gay Men

  • Marcus Alt
  • Adam M. Lewis
  • William Ming Liu
  • Eric Vilain
  • Francisco J. Sánchez
Original Paper

Abstract

During the past decade, greater quantitative attention has been given to how gay men’s lives are affected by traditional notions of masculinity. Consequently, it is important that masculinity-related measures that are often used in research are valid for use with gay men. This study examined the factor structures, loadings, and psychometric properties of three commonly used masculinity-related measures: the Gender Role Conflict Scale, the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory, and the Reference Group Identity Dependence Scale. Data were collected via an online survey of 920 self-identified gay men (M age = 32.48 years, SD = 11.73). Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that while the goodness of fit statistics did not always indicate the model fit, there were similar endorsements of items across the three masculinity scales and subscale factor loadings consistent with published studies using mostly heterosexual male samples. Implications for future masculinity scale research on gay men are discussed.

Keywords

Confirmatory factor analysis Masculinity scales Gender role Sexual orientation Psychometrics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Jim Buzinski, Espen Correll, Ross Mar Divinagracia, Anthony Fina, and Jonathan S. Suhre for their assistance on this project. Portions of this data were presented at the 119th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, August 2011.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcus Alt
    • 1
  • Adam M. Lewis
    • 1
  • William Ming Liu
    • 1
  • Eric Vilain
    • 2
  • Francisco J. Sánchez
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychological and Quantitative FoundationsUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Center for Gender-Based Biology and Department of Human Genetics, David Geffen School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of Counseling PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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