Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 43, Issue 5, pp 863–877 | Cite as

Adult Baby/Diaper Lovers: An Exploratory Study of an Online Community Sample

  • Kaitlyn Hawkinson
  • Brian D. ZamboniEmail author
Original Paper


This internet-based study provided descriptive information and exploratory analyses on 1,795 male and 139 female members of the Adult Baby/Diaper Lover (ABDL) community. Based on prior research, some research questions focused on the degree to which ABDL behavior was associated with negative mood states, parental relationships, and attachment style. Based on clinical experience, a second research question focused on discerning two possible subgroups within the ABDL community: persons focused on role play behavior and persons who were primarily interested in sexual arousal in their ABDL behavior. The results showed modest support for the former research questions, but notable support for the last research question. Because of some overlap between the two hypothesized subgroups, additional subgroups may exist. Males in the ABDL community identified their ABDL interests earlier than females and these males may be more focused on sexual aspects of ABDL practices. Both males and females perceived being dominated as important in their ABDL behavior. Most participants were comfortable with their ABDL behavior and reported few problems. ABDL behavior may represent a sexual subculture that is not problematic for most of its participants.


Adult Baby Diaper Lover Paraphilia Infantilism ABDL Fetishism 



The authors would like to thank all of the participants for their generous time and kind support of this project as well as B. Terrance Grey for his invaluable input. We appreciate their willingness to educate us. Without their sharing, this project would not be possible.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyHamline UniversitySt. PaulUSA
  2. 2.Program in Human Sexuality, Department of Family Medicine and Community HealthUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA

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