Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 395–398 | Cite as

Gender Identity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder in a 23-Year-Old Female

  • Mathieu LemaireEmail author
  • Barbara Thomazeau
  • Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault
Clinical Case Report Series


We describe the case of a 23-year-old woman with Gender Identity Disorder (GID) asking for a cross-sex hormonal treatment with sex reassignment surgery and who was recently diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Gender identity clinics are now reporting an overrepresentation of individuals with ASD among GID patients. The prevalence of ASD is 10-fold higher among GID patients than in general population. However, few case reports or studies have explored the co-occurrence of ASD and GID. This co-occurrence is relevant for diagnostic and clinical management and also raises important theoretical issues.


Gender Identity Disorder Gender dysphoria Autism Spectrum Disorder Psychiatric co-morbidity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mathieu Lemaire
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Barbara Thomazeau
    • 1
    • 2
  • Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre Universitaire de Pédopsychiatrie, CHRU de ToursTours Cedex 9France
  2. 2.UMR Inserm U930, Université François-Rabelais de Tours “Imaging and Brain”Tours Cedex 9France

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