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Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 623–630 | Cite as

Gender Nonconformity, Intelligence, and Sexual Orientation

  • Qazi RahmanEmail author
  • Suraj Bhanot
  • Hanna Emrith-Small
  • Shilan Ghafoor
  • Steven Roberts
Original Paper

Abstract

The present study explored whether there were relationships among gender nonconformity, intelligence, and sexual orientation. A total of 106 heterosexual men, 115 heterosexual women, and 103 gay men completed measures of demographic variables, recalled childhood gender nonconformity (CGN), and the National Adult Reading Test (NART). NART error scores were used to estimate Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Full-Scale IQ (FSIQ) and Verbal IQ (VIQ) scores. Gay men had significantly fewer NART errors than heterosexual men and women (controlling for years of education). In heterosexual men, correlational analysis revealed significant associations between CGN, NART, and FSIQ scores (elevated boyhood femininity correlated with higher IQ scores). In heterosexual women, the direction of the correlations between CGN and all IQ scores was reversed (elevated girlhood femininity correlating with lower IQ scores). There were no significant correlations among these variables in gay men. These data may indicate a “sexuality-specific” effect on general cognitive ability but with limitations. They also support growing evidence that quantitative measures of sex-atypicality are useful in the study of trait sexual orientation.

Keywords

Sexual orientation Childhood gender nonconformity Intelligence Cognition NART WAIS 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qazi Rahman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Suraj Bhanot
    • 1
  • Hanna Emrith-Small
    • 1
  • Shilan Ghafoor
    • 1
  • Steven Roberts
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological and Experimental Psychology Group, School of Biological and Chemical SciencesQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK

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