In the Mood for Love or Vice Versa? Exploring the Relations Among Sexual Activity, Physical Affection, Affect, and Stress in the Daily Lives of Mid-Aged Women
- 1.1k Downloads
How do physical affection, sexual activity, mood, and stress influence one another in the daily lives of mid-aged women? Fifty-eight women (M age, 47.6 yrs) recorded physical affection, several different sexual behaviors, stressful events, and mood ratings every morning for 36 weeks. Using multilevel modeling, we determined that physical affection or sexual behavior with a partner on one day significantly predicted lower negative mood and stress and higher positive mood on the following day. The relation did not hold for orgasm without a partner. Additionally, positive mood on one day predicted more physical affection and sexual activity with a partner, but fewer solo orgasms the following day. Negative mood was mostly unrelated to next-day sexual activity or physical affection. Sexual orientation, living with a partner, and duration of relationship moderated some of these effects. Results support a bidirectional causal model in which dyadic sexual interaction and physical affection improve mood and reduce stress, with improved mood and reduced stress in turn increasing the likelihood of future sex and physical affection.
KeywordsSexual behavior Mood Mid-aged women Physical affection Daily diary
This project was supported by an internal grant from the College of Arts and Sciences at New Mexico State University. Data analysis and manuscript preparation were additionally supported by the National Science Foundation (BCS 0129922) and the New College of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences at Arizona State University.
- Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Apt, C., Hurlbert, D. F., Pierce, A. P., & White, L. C. (1996). Relationship satisfaction, sexual characteristics and the psychosocial well-being of women. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 5, 195–210.Google Scholar
- Bauer, D. J., & Curran, P. J. (2005). Probing interactions in fixed and multilevel regression: Inferential and graphical techniques. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 40, 373–400.Google Scholar
- Blanchflower, D. G., & Oswald, A. J. (2004). Money, sex and happiness: An empirical study. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series (Working paper no. 10499).Google Scholar
- Dutton, J. (2003). Redbook's steamiest sex survey ever! Redbook, 200, 192–193, 209–210.Google Scholar
- Hofmann, D. A., & Gavin, M. B. (1998). Centering decisions in hierarchical linear models: Implications for research in organizations. Journal of Management, 24, 623–641.Google Scholar
- Light, K. C., Smith, T. E., Johns, J. M., Brownley, K. A., Hofheimer, J. A., & Amico, J. A. (2000). Oxytocin responsivity in mothers of infants: A preliminary study of relationships with blood pressure during laboratory stress and normal ambulatory activity. Health Psychology, 19, 560–567.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Muthen, L. K., & Muthen, B. O. (1998). Mplus user's guide. Los Angeles, CA: Muthen & Muthen.Google Scholar
- Neumann, I., Wigger, A., Torner, L., Holsboer, F., & Landgraf, R. (2000). Brain oxytocin inhibits basal and stress-induced activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis in male and female rats: Partial action within the paraventricular nucleus. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 12, 235–243.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Uvnas-Moberg, K. (1997). Oxytocin linked antistress effects–the relaxation and growth response. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 161 (Suppl. 640), 38–42.Google Scholar
- Wolpe, J. (1958). Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar