Self-determination and archival autonomy: advocating activism

Abstract

This paper explores the role of archival activism in supporting social movements linked to human rights and social justice agendas. Taking a records continuum perspective, it presents an Australian case study relating to the Stolen Generations, Former Child Migrants, Forgotten Australians and Forced Adoption communities to illustrate imperatives for advocacy and activism in support of the “archival autonomy” of communities. Framed by critical theory, the study identifies and analyses systemic problems in meeting the recordkeeping and archival identity, memory, accountability, redress and recovery needs of these key communities. The devastating impact of both finding and not finding relevant information is highlighted, along with how systemic and structural difficulties in seeking access to vital evidence can be re-traumatising. Using reflexivity and the Movement Action Plan as an analytical tool, the case study reflects on the activist role archival research and development projects can potentially play, using the Who Am I? and Trust and Technology Projects as exemplars. The paper explores how an extended suite of rights in records, stretching beyond discovery and access to appraisal, description and disclosure, and linked to records continuum concepts of co-creation and multiple provenance, and the emergent concept of the participatory archive, might support community self-determination in the context of human rights and social justice agendas, with particular reference to the rights of the child. Additionally, the paper explores a new concept of archival autonomy and its relationship to community self-determination. Archival autonomy is tentatively defined as the ability for individuals and communities to participate in societal memory, with their own voice, and to become participatory agents in recordkeeping and archiving for identity, memory and accountability purposes. The achievement of archival autonomy is identified as a grand societal challenge, with the need for archival activism to become an integral part of social movements on a local and global scale. The paper concludes with a proposed National Summit on the Archive and the Rights of the Child, envisaged as a vehicle for archival advocacy and activism leading to transformative action to address social justice and human rights agendas in Australia.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1

Notes

  1. 1.

    Archival frameworks are the law, policies, cultural and ethical mores, archival theories and models which govern and structure archival processes and systems.

  2. 2.

    Australia has federal, state and local government jurisdictions, plus government, corporate, NGO and community sectors involved in child welfare and protections services.

References

  1. Activism (2014) Oxford Dictionaries Online. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/activism. Accessed 11 May 2014

  2. Alliance for Forgotten Australians (2011) Forgotten Australians: Supporting survivors of childhood institutional care in Australia. http://www.forgottenaustralians.org.au/PDF/MiniAfaBooklet.pdf. Accessed 1 May 2012

  3. Alvessoon M, Deetz S (2000) A framework for critical research. Doing critical management research. SAGE, London, pp 139–166

    Google Scholar 

  4. Attorney-General’s Department (2013) National apology for forced adoptions. http://www.ag.gov.au/About/ForcedAdoptionsApology/Pages/default.aspx. Accessed 18 May 2014

  5. Australian Human Rights Commission (2014) National inquiry into children in immigration detention 2014: Discussion paper. Australian Human Rights Commission. https://www.humanrights.gov.au/publications/national-inquiry-children-immigration-detention-2014-discussion-paper. Accessed 25 May 2014

  6. Bastian JA (2003) Owning memory: How a Caribbean community lost its archives and found its history. Libraries Unlimited, Westport

    Google Scholar 

  7. Care Leaver (2011) Find and Connect glossary. http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/ref/vic/biogs/E000210bhtm. Accessed 31 Aug 2014

  8. Caswell M (2010) Khmer Rouge archives: accountability, truth, and memory in Cambodia. Arch Sci 10(1):25–44. doi:10.1007/s10502-010-9114-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Caswell M (2014) Toward a survivor-centered approach to records documenting human rights abuse: lessons from community archives. Arch Sci 14(3–4):307–322. doi:10.1007/s10502-014-9220-6

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Cecez-Kecmanovic D, Kennan MA (2013) The methodological landscape: Information systems and knowledge management. In: Williamson E, Johanson G (eds) Research methods: information, systems and contexts. Tilde University Press, Prahran, pp 113–137

    Google Scholar 

  11. Child Migrants Trust (2014) Child migration history. http://www.childmigrantstrust.com/our-work/child-migration-history. Accessed 17 May 2014

  12. CLAN (2011) Struggling to keep it together a national survey about older care leavers who were in Australia’s orphanages, children’s homes, foster care and other institutions. Care Leavers Australia network. http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/images/stories/committees/fcdc/inquiries/57th/Child_Abuse_Inquiry/Submissions/CLAN_Appendix_1.pdf. Accessed 9 Oct 2013

  13. Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse (2009) Final report of the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse. http://www.childabusecommission.ie/publications/index.html. Accessed 11 May 2014

  14. Community Affairs References Committee (2012) Commonwealth contribution to former forced adoption policies and practices. Commonwealth of Australia. http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/Completed_inquiries/2010-13/commcontribformerforcedadoption/report/index. Accessed 9 Oct 2013

  15. Cook T (2001) Archival science and postmodernism: new formulations for old concepts. Arch Sci 1(1):3–24. doi:10.1007/BF02435636

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Cook T (2010) Standing on the shoulders of giants: the next generation of Canadian archivists reflections and prospects. Paper presented at the Association of Canadian Archivists Conference 2010: Into the Future, Halifax, Nova Scotia June 9–12 2010. http://archivists.ca/sites/default/files/Attachments/Communications_attachments/cook_closing_plenary.pdf. Accessed 25 May 2014

  17. Cook T (2013) Evidence, memory, identity, and community: four shifting archival paradigms. Arch Sci 13(2-3):95–120

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Cook T, Schwartz JM (2002) Archives, records, and power: from (postmodern) theory to (archival) performance. Arch Sci 2(3-4):171–185. doi:10.1007/BF02435620

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Crittenden S (2013) The dark records of broken lives. Glob Mail. http://www.theglobalmail.org/feature/the-dark-records-of-broken-lives/594/. Accessed 12 Oct 2013

  20. Delanty G (2003) Community, 1st edn. Routledge, London and New York

    Google Scholar 

  21. Downing M, Jones M, Humphreys C, McCarthy G, O’Neill C, Tropea R (2013) An educative intervention: assisting in the self-assessment of archival practice in 12 community service organisations. Arch Manuscr 41(2):116–128. doi:10.1080/015768952013810552

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Duff W, Flinn A, Suurtamm KE, Wallace DA (2013) Social justice impact of archives: a preliminary investigation. Arch Sci 13(4):317–348. doi:10.1007/s10502-012-9198-x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Eveleigh A (2012) Welcoming the world: an exploration of participatory archives. Paper presented at the International Council of Archives Congress 2012: Brisbane 21–24 August 2012. http://www.ica2012.com/files/pdf/Full%20papers%20upload/ica12Final00128.pdf. Accessed 7 May 2013

  24. FaHCSIA (2012) Find and Connect services and projects. https://www.dss.gov.au/our-responsibilities/families-and-children/programs-services/find-and-connect-services-and-projects. Accessed 1 Nov 2014

  25. Flinn A (2010) Independent community archives and community-generated content “Writing, Saving and Sharing our Histories”. Converg Int J Res New Media Tech 16(1):39–51. doi:10.1177/1354856509347707

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Flinn A (2011) Archival activism: independent and community-led archives, radical public history and the heritage professions. Int Actions UCLA J Edu Inf Stud 7(2), Article 6

  27. Flinn A, Stevens M, Shepherd E (2009) Whose memories, Whose archives? Independent community archives, autonomy and the mainstream. Arch Sci 9(1-2):71–86. doi:10.1007/s10502-009-9105-2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Fourmile H (1989) Who owns the past?: Aborigines as captives of the archives. Aboriginal Hist 13:1–8

    Google Scholar 

  29. Gilliland A (2014) Acknowledging, respecting, enfranchising, liberating and protecting: a platform for radical archival description. Paper presented at New York University’s Asian/Pacific/American Institute: Radical Archives Conference April 11–12 2014

  30. Gilliland A, McKemmish S (2012) Recordkeeping metadata, the archival multiverse, and societal grand challenges. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications 2012. Kuching Sarawak 3–7 September 2012. http://dcevents.dublincore.org/index.php/IntConf/dc-2012/paper/view/108. Accessed 27 Sept 2012

  31. Gilliland A, McKemmish S (2013) Archival and recordkeeping research: past, present and future. In: Williamson K, Johanson G (eds) Research methods: information, systems and contexts. Tilde University Press, Prahran, Victoria, Australia, pp 79–103

    Google Scholar 

  32. Gilliland A, McKemmish S (2014) The role of participatory archives in furthering human rights, reconciliation and recovery. Atlanti Rev Mod Arch Theory Pract 24:79–88

    Google Scholar 

  33. Gilliland A, McKemmish S (2015) Rights in records as a platform for participative archiving. In: Cox R, Langmead A, Mattern N (eds) Studies in archival education and research: selected papers from the 2014 AERI conference, Litwin Books, Sacramento

  34. Harris V (2002) The archival sliver: power, memory, and archives in South Africa. Arch Sci 2(1–2):63–86. doi:10.1007/BF02435631

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Harris V (2011) Jacques Derrida meets Nelson Mandela: archival ethics at the endgame. Arch Sci 11(1–2):113–124. doi:10.1007/s10502-010-9111-4

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (1997) Bringing them home: report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families. Commonwealth of Australia. http://www.humanrights.gov.au/publications/bringing-them-home-report-1997. Accessed 9 Oct 2013

  37. Hurley C (2005a) Parallel provenance: (1) What, if anything, is archival description? Arch Manuscr 33(1):110–145

    Google Scholar 

  38. Hurley C (2005b) Parallel provenance: (2) When something is not related to everything else. Arch Manuscr 33(2):52–95

    Google Scholar 

  39. Huvila I (2008) Participatory archive: towards decentralised curation, radical user orientation, and broader contextualisation of records management. Arch Sci 8(1):15–36. doi:10.1007/s10502-008-9071-0

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Iacovino L (2010) Rethinking archival, ethical and legal frameworks for records of Indigenous Australian communities: a participant relationship model of rights and responsibilities. Arch Sci 10(4):353–372. doi:10.1007/s10502-010-9120-3

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Ketelaar E (2002) Archival temples, archival prisons: modes of power and protection. Arch Sci 2(3–4):221–238. doi:10.1007/BF02435623

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. Ketelaar E (2005) Sharing: collected memories in communities of records. Arch Manuscr 33(1):44–61

    Google Scholar 

  43. Ketelaar E (2006) Access: the democratic imperative. Arch Manuscr 34(2):62–81

    Google Scholar 

  44. Körmendy L (2007) Changes in archives’ philosophy and functions at the turn of the 20th/21st centuries. Arch Sci 7(2):167–177. doi:10.1007/s10502-007-9052-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. McCarthy GJ, Evans J (2012) Principles for archival information services in the public domain. Arch Manuscr 40(1):54–67. doi:10.1080/015768952012670872

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. McCarthy GJ, Swain S, O’Neill C (eds) (2012) Archives, identity and survivors of out-of-home care. Arch Manuscr 40(1):1–67

  47. McKemmish S (1994) Are records ever actual? In: McKemmish S, Piggott M (eds) The records continuum: Ian Maclean and Australian archives first fifty years. Ancora Press, Clayton, pp 187–203

    Google Scholar 

  48. McKemmish S (2011) Evidence of me in a digital world. In: Lee CA (ed) I, digital: personal collections in the digital era. Society of American Archivists, Chicago, pp 115–148

    Google Scholar 

  49. McKemmish S, Piggott M (2013) Toward the archival multiverse: challenging the binary opposition of the personal and corporate archive in modern archival theory and practice. Archivaria 76:111–144 Fall 2013

    Google Scholar 

  50. McKemmish S, Reed B, Piggott M (2005) The archives. In: McKemmish S, Piggott M, Reed B, Upward F (eds) Archives: recordkeeping in society. Centre for Information Studies, Charles Sturt University, Wagga, pp 159–195

    Google Scholar 

  51. McKemmish S, Faulkhead S, Iacovino L, Thorpe K (2010) Australian Indigenous knowledge and the archives: embracing multiple ways of knowing and keeping. Arch Manuscr 38(1):27–50

    Google Scholar 

  52. McKemmish S, Faulkhead S, Russell L (2011a) Distrust in the archive: reconciling records. Arch Sci 11(3-4):211–239. doi:10.1007/s10502-011-9153-2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  53. McKemmish S, Iacovino L, Ketelaar E, Castan M, Russell L (2011b) Resetting relationships: archives and Indigenous human rights in Australia. Arch Manuscr 39(1):107–144

    Google Scholar 

  54. McKemmish S, Iacovino L, Russel L, Castan M (2012) Editors’ introduction to keeping cultures alive: archives and indigenous human rights. Arch Sci 12(2):93–111. doi:10.1007/s10502-012-9170-9

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. Moser SC (2007) In the long shadows of inaction: the quiet building of a climate protection movement in the United States. Global Environ Polit 7(2):124–144

    Article  Google Scholar 

  56. Moyer B (1987) The Movement Action Plan: a strategic framework describing the eight stages of successful social movements. http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/moyermap.html. Accessed 11 May 2014

  57. Moyer B, McAllister J, Finley ML, Soifer S (2001) Doing democracy: the MAP model for organizing social movements. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island

    Google Scholar 

  58. Myers MD, Klein HK (2011) A set of principles for conducting critical research in information systems. MIS Q 35(1):17–36

    Google Scholar 

  59. National Archives of Australia (2014) Forced Adoptions History Project. http://forcedadoptions.naa.gov.au/. Accessed 31 Aug 2014

  60. National Library of Australia (2012) Forgotten Australians and Former Child Migrants Oral History Project. http://www.nla.gov.au/oral-history/forgotten-australians-and-former-child-migrants-oral-history-project. Accessed 31 Aug 2014

  61. National Museum of Australia (2011) Inside: Life in Children’s Homes and Institutions. http://www.nma.gov.au/exhibitions/inside_life_in_childrens_homes_and_institutions/home. Accessed 31 Aug 2014

  62. Nesmith T (2002) Seeing archives: postmodernism and the changing intellectual place of archives. Am Arch 65:24–41

    Article  Google Scholar 

  63. Office of the Minister for Children And Youth Affairs (2009) Report of the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse 2009 implementation plan. Department of Health and Children, Ireland. http://www.dcya.gov.ie/documents/publications/implementation_plan_from_ryan_commission_report.pdf. Accessed 13 Oct 2013

  64. O’Neill C (2012) Accessing the records of the Forgotten Australians: learning from the human rights context to improve archival practices and restorative justice. Paper presented at the International Council of Archives Congress 2012: Brisbane 21–24 August 2012. http://ica2012.ica.org/files/pdf/Full%20papers%20upload/ica12Final00354.pdf. Accessed 18 May 2014

  65. O’Neill C, Selakovic V, Tropea R (2012) Access to records for people who were in out-of-home care: moving beyond “third dimension” archival practice. Arch Manuscr 40(1):29–41. doi:10.1080/015768952012668841

    Article  Google Scholar 

  66. Orlikowski WJ, Baroudi JJ (1991) Studying information technology in organizations: research approaches and assumptions. Inf Syst Res 2(1):1–28

    Article  Google Scholar 

  67. Papadaki E (2012) Feminist perspectives on objectification. In: Zalta EN (ed) The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy, Winter 2012 edition. http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/feminism-objectification/. Accessed 24 May 2014

  68. Pluralizing the Archival Curriculum Group (2011) Educating for the archival multiverse. Am Arch 74:69–101 Spring/Summer 2011

    Article  Google Scholar 

  69. Power S (2004) Introduction. In: Arendt H (ed) The origins of totalitarianism. Random House, New York

    Google Scholar 

  70. Prime Minister of Australia (2008) Apology to Australia’s Indigenous peoples. http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/our-country/our-people/apology-to-australias-indigenous-peoples. Accessed 17 May 2014

  71. Prime Minister of Australia (2009) Transcript of address at the apology to the Forgotten Australians and Former Child Migrants, Great Hall, Parliament House, 16 Nov 2009. http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/110625/20091116-1801/www.pm.gov.au/node/6321.html. Accessed 18 May 2014

  72. Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse (2014a) Inquiries and reports relevant to the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse. http://www.childabuseroyalcommission.gov.au/documents/8-1-previous-inquiries-in-tor-new-logo.pdf. Accessed 12 May 2014

  73. Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse (2014b) Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse—Home. http://www.childabuseroyalcommission.gov.au/. Accessed 20 May 2014

  74. Ryan Report Monitoring Group (2012) Ryan report implementation plan: third progress report. Department of Children and Youth Affairs, Ireland. http://www.dcya.gov.ie/documents/publications/RyanThirdProgressReport.pdf. Accessed 13 Oct 2013

  75. Schwartz JM, Cook T (2002) Archives, records, and power: the making of modern memory. Arch Sci 2(1–2):1–19. doi:10.1007/BF02435628

    Article  Google Scholar 

  76. Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs (2001) Lost innocents: righting the record—report on child migration. Commonwealth of Australia. http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/Completed_inquiries/1999-02/child_migrat/report/index. Accessed 4 April 2013

  77. Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs (2004) Forgotten Australians: a report on Australians who experienced institutional or out-of-home care as children. Commonwealth of Australia. http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/Completed_inquiries/2004-07/inst_care/report/index. Accessed 12 Oct 2013

  78. Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs (2009) Lost Innocents and Forgotten Australians revisited: report on the progress with the implementation of the recommendations of the Lost Innocents and Forgotten Australians reports. Commonwealth of Australia. http://www.aph.gov.au/binaries/senate/committee/clac_ctte/recs_lost_innocents_forgotten_aust_rpts/report/report.pdf. Accessed 18 May 2014

  79. Shilton K, Srinivasan R (2007) Participatory appraisal and arrangement for multicultural archival collections. Archivaria 63:87–101 Spring 2007

    Google Scholar 

  80. Sköld J, Foberg E, Hedström J (2012) Conflicting or complementing narratives? Interviewees’ stories compared to their documentary records in the Swedish Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse and Neglect in Institutions and Foster Homes. Arch Manuscr 40(1):15–28. doi:10.1080/015768952012668842

    Article  Google Scholar 

  81. Snow DA, Soule SA, Kriesi H (eds) (2003) The Blackwell companion to social movements. Oxford, Blackwell, Oxford

    Google Scholar 

  82. Todorov T (1996) Facing the extreme: moral life in the concentration camps. Metropolitan Books, New York

    Google Scholar 

  83. Trust and Technology Project (2009a) Exposure draft position statement: Human rights, Indigenous communities in Australia and the archives. Monash University. http://infotech.monash.edu/research/centres/cosi/projects/trust/deliverables/human-rights.html. Accessed 24 May 2014

  84. Trust and Technology Project (2009b) Koorie archiving: Trust and Technology—final report. Monash University. http://www.infotech.monash.edu.au/research/centres/cosi/projects/trust/final-report/. Accessed 24 May 2014

  85. Trust and Technology Project (2009c) Statement of principles relating to Australian Indigenous knowledge and the archives. Monash University. http://infotech.monash.edu/research/about/centres/cosi/projects/trust/deliverables/principles.html. Accessed 24 May 2014

  86. UN Commission on Human Rights (2005) Updated set of principles for the protection and promotion of human rights through action to combat impunity. Report No E/CN4/2005/102/Add1. United Nations. http://www.derechos.org/nizkor/impu/principles.html Accessed 24 May 2014

  87. UNESCO (2011) Universal declaration on archives. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002134/213423e.pdf. Accessed 12 Oct 2013

  88. UN General Assembly (2007) Declaration on the rights of Indigenous peoples. Report No A/RGS/61/295. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/en/declaration.html. Accessed 24 May 2014

  89. United Nations (1990) Convention on the rights of the child. https://treaties.un.org/pages/viewdetails.aspx?src=treaty&mtdsg_no=iv-11&chapter=4&lang=en. Accessed 25 May 2014

  90. Upward F (1997) Structuring the records continuum part two: structuration theory and recordkeeping. Arch Manuscr 25(1):10–35

    Google Scholar 

  91. Upward F, McKemmish S, Reed B (2011) Archivists and changing social and information spaces: a continuum approach to recordkeeping and archiving in online cultures. Archivaria 72:197–237 Fall 2011

    Google Scholar 

  92. Victorian Auditor General (2014) Residential care services for children. Victorian Auditor-General’s Office. http://www.audit.vic.gov.au/reports_and_publications/latest_reports/2013-14/20140326-residential-care.aspx. Accessed 24 May 2014

  93. Victorian Koorie Records Taskforce (2006) Wilam Naling … knowing who you are…: Improving access to records of the Stolen Generations, a report to the Victorian Government. Department for Victorian Communities. http://prov.vic.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/WilamNalingReportJune2006.pdf. Accessed 4 April 2013

  94. Victorian Ombudsman (2012) Investigation into the storage and management of ward records by the Department of Human Services. Victorian Ombudsman. http://www.ombudsman.vic.gov.au/resources/documents/report__investigation_into_the_storage_and_management_of_ward_records_by_dhs_-_mar_2012.pdf. Accessed 2 May 2013

  95. Wakimoto DK, Bruce C, Partridge H (2013) Archivist as activist: lessons from three queer community archives in California. Arch Sci 13(4):293–316. doi:10.1007/s10502-013-9201-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  96. White KL, Gilliland AJ (2010) Promoting reflexivity and inclusivity in archival education, research, and practice. Libr Q 80(3):231–248

    Article  Google Scholar 

  97. Yin RK (2009) Case study research: design and methods, 4th edn. SAGE, Los Angeles

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge the Trust and Technology Project’s community and industry partners: the Public Record Office of Victoria, the Koorie Heritage Trust Inc., the Victorian Koorie Records Taskforce and the Australian Society of Archivists Indigenous Issues Special Interest Group, the Project’s Advisory Group and the eighty-one participants from the Koorie communities of Victoria who agreed to be interviewed as part of the project, along with thirteen archival service providers, managers and mediators. We also gratefully acknowledge the care leavers who were willing to share their stories in the Who Am I? Project and participating organisations: the Centre for Excellence in Child and Family Welfare, the Victorian Department of Human Services, Child and Family Services Ballarat, Berry Street, Anglicare Victoria, Glastonbury Child and Family Services, Good Shepherd Youth and Family Services, Kildonan Child and Family Services, Mackillop Family Services, Office of the Child Safety Commissioner, Victoria, Orana Family Services, Public Record Office Victoria, St Lukes Anglicare, Victorian Aboriginal Child Care Agency Co-op Ltd, Wesley Mission, Westcare (Salvation Army), CLAN, CREATE Foundation, Connecting Home, Link Up and Open Place.

Ethical standard

All authors declare that they have no undeclared conflicts of interest. The studies discussed in this article were carried out in accordance with the Australian Code of Conduct for Responsible Research.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Joanne Evans.

Appendix

Appendix

See Table 1.

Table 1 Case study communities, national inquiries, national apologies and select statements on records and archives

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Evans, J., McKemmish, S., Daniels, E. et al. Self-determination and archival autonomy: advocating activism. Arch Sci 15, 337–368 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10502-015-9244-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Archival activism
  • Archival autonomy
  • Participatory archives
  • Human rights