An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary soy protein concentrate (SPC) levels on growth, blood biochemical indexes, non-specific immune enzyme activity, and nutrient apparent digestibility for juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei (initial weight 0.44 ± 0.002 g). They were formulated by replacing 0% (the control), 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 60%, and 80% of fish meal (FM) protein with SPC (designed FM, S11, S22, S33, S44, S55, and S66, respectively). With the replacement level of SPC in the diet was higher than 30%, weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate (SGR) for juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei significantly decreased (P < 0.05) with SPC increasing, but feed conversion ratio (FCR) significantly increased (P < 0.05). When the replacement level was above 40%, the protein efficiency ratio (PER), survival rate (SR), apparent digestibility of dry matter, and energy significantly decreased (P < 0.05). On the contrary, the content of triglyceride glucose (TG) in serum was increased significantly (P < 0.05). Apparent digestibility for crude protein and total lipid were significantly higher at higher fishmeal inclusion (0 and 10% SPC replacement) and significantly lower at lower fishmeal inclusion (< 70%) (P < 0.05). In conclusion, with reference to all the parameters, SPC can be used to replace up to 30% of fishmeal protein in shrimp feeds and so the total fishmeal exceeds 70% be used to cater to shrimps’ dietary needs.
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The work was financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China 2019YFD0900200, Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System CARS‐47, National Natural Science Foundation of China 31802316.
All procedures involving live animals were approved by the Guangdong Ocean University Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee.
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The authors declare no competing interests.
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• This experiment was conducted to assess the possibility of replacing fishmeal (FM) with soybean protein concentrate (SPC) at different levels on growth, blood biochemical indexes, non-specific immune enzyme activity, and nutrient apparent digestibility for juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei.
• In the basic diet of juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei with 40% protein and 30% fish meal content, with growth performance as an indicator, the appropriate level of SPC to replace fish meal was 30%.
• When the level of SPC replacement fish meal was higher than 30%, the growth performance and feed utilization of juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei will decrease.
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Zhu, ZH., Yang, Qh., Tan, Bp. et al. Effects of replacing fishmeal with soybean protein concentrate (SPC) on growth, blood biochemical indexes, non-specific immune enzyme activity, and nutrient apparent digestibility for juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei. Aquacult Int 29, 2535–2554 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-021-00765-8