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Green mussel (Perna viridis L.) farming in India: an analysis of major growth milestones, recent decline due to disease incidence, and prospects for revival

Abstract

Green mussel farming as a small-holder-friendly, livelihood-enabling supplementary activity along the backwaters in the southwest coast of India is analyzed in this paper covering various phases of its adoption and growth. Though a benign enterprise that does not demand significant establishment cost and labor-intensive culture activities, green mussel production is presently at a crossroads, facing severe challenges at its very cradle, owing to various biotic and abiotic constraints. The main underlying factors are analyzed, physical and economic losses estimated, and policy options suggested to enable a steadfast revival.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Dr. A. Gopalakrishnan, Director, ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI), Kochi and Dr. R. Narayanakumar, Head, Socio-economic Evaluation and Technology Transfer Division, ICAR-CMFRI for their support and guidance during the course of the study. Authors thank the National Surveillance Programme for Aquatic Animal Diseases (NSPAAD) for the data on the prevalence of diseases in green mussel. They are also grateful for other network partners of the ‘All India Network Project on Fish Health’ project for their support and useful comments at various stages of the study.

Funding

This paper is drawn from the research work carried out under the project titled ‘All India Network Project on Fish Health’ funded by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.

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Correspondence to Shinoj Parappurathu.

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The authors declare that they have no competing interests, either personal or financial, which may inappropriately influence the work.

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Annexure

Annexure

Table 3 Ranges of the benchmark (expected) average normal yields for green mussel in Padanna backwater region, Kerala based on field survey: 2015–2016 to 2018–2019

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Parappurathu, S., Sanil, N.K., Asokan, P.K. et al. Green mussel (Perna viridis L.) farming in India: an analysis of major growth milestones, recent decline due to disease incidence, and prospects for revival. Aquacult Int 29, 1813–1828 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-021-00716-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-021-00716-3

Keywords

  • Small-holder aquaculture
  • Green mussel
  • Rack culture
  • Economic loss estimation
  • Disease mitigation and management