Influence of biofilm on the production of Farfantepenaeus paulensis in pens in the Patos Lagoon estuary

  • Eduardo Luis Cupertino Ballester
  • Fabrício Martins Dutra
  • Tito Luís Pisseti
  • Ronaldo Olivera Cavalli
  • Paulo César Abreu
  • Wilson WasieleskyJr
Article
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Abstract

The objective of the present work was to determine the influence of artificial substrates that increase the area for biofilm development on the production performance of Farfantepenaeus paulensis juveniles in pens. Shrimp were stocked at a density of 20/m2 in pen structures (bottom area = 50 m2) that were installed in the Patos Lagoon estuary. Two treatments with three repetitions were analyzed, where artificial substrates (polyethylene nets—1-mm mesh size) were added to increase the area for biofilm development by 100%, and where no substrates were added. During the experimental period, the biomass and the composition of the biofilm were assessed. After 86 days of rearing, no significant differences were found in shrimp performance between the treatments (p > 0.05). However, the examination of the chlorophyll a, dry weight, and composition of the biofilm indicated that the shrimp were actively consuming the biofilm attached to the artificial substrates. Significant decreases in the abundances of nematodes > 500 μm after the 56th day and of tintinnids and rotifers between day 28 and day 42, indicated that the shrimp were selectively predating on these organisms. Moreover, a decrease in the chlorophyll a concentration in the biofilm suggests that the shrimp were consuming the microalgae. Although the increase in the area for biofilm development did not improve shrimp performance, the shrimp presented the highest growth rates when they consumed most of the biofilm microorganisms.

Keywords

Shrimp production Pen production Pink shrimp Microorganisms Artificial substrates 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the researchers Clarisse Odebrecht, Marli Bergesh, and Taciana Cramer for their assistance in the identification of diatoms, cyanobacteria, and nematodes, respectively. Eduardo Luis Cupertino Ballester, Wilson Wasielesky Jr., Ronaldo O. Cavalli, and Paulo César Abreu are research fellows of CNPq (National Council for the Development of Science and Technology of Brazil), and Tito Luis Pisseti received a CNPq Master’s scholarship during the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Luis Cupertino Ballester
    • 1
  • Fabrício Martins Dutra
    • 1
  • Tito Luís Pisseti
    • 2
  • Ronaldo Olivera Cavalli
    • 2
  • Paulo César Abreu
    • 2
  • Wilson WasieleskyJr
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratório de Carcinicultura, Programa de Pós-graduação em Aquicultura e Desenvolvimento SustentávelUniversidade Federal do ParanáPalotinaBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de Oceanografia, Programa de Pós-graduação em AquiculturaUniversidade Federal do Rio GrandeRio GrandeBrazil

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