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Aquaculture International

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 1103–1118 | Cite as

Use of thraustochytrid Schizochytrium sp. as source of lipid and fatty acid in a formulated diet for abalone Haliotis asinina (Linnaeus) juveniles

  • Milagros R. de la PeñaEmail author
  • Myrna B. Teruel
  • Jose M. Oclarit
  • Mary Jane A. Amar
  • Ellen Grace T. Ledesma
Article

Abstract

The effects of using thraustochytrid Schizochytrium sp. as source of lipid and fatty acids in a formulated diet on growth, survival, body composition, and salinity tolerance of juvenile donkey’s ear abalone, Haliotis asinina, were investigated. Treatments consisted of diets either containing a 1:1 ratio of cod liver oil (CLO) and soybean oil (SBO) (Diet 1) or thraustochytrid (Diet 2) as source of lipid and fatty acids at 2 % level. Natural diet Gracilariopsis heteroclada (Diet 3) served as the control. No significant difference in growth was observed in abalone fed Diet 3 (SGR: 5.3 % BW day−1; DISL: 265 μm day−1) and Diet 2 (SGR: 5.2 % BW day−1; DISL: 255 μm day−1). Survival ranged from 78 to 85 % for all treatments and was not significantly different from each other. A 96-h salinity stress test showed highest survival of 84 % in abalone fed Diet 2 compared with those fed diets 1 and 3 (42 %). The high growth rate of abalone fed Diet 2 and high tolerance to low salinity could be attributed to its high DHA content (8.9 %), which resulted to its high DHA/EPA ratio of 10.5 %. These fatty acids play a significant role in abalone nutrition. The fatty acid profile of abalone meat is a reflective of the fatty acid profile of the oil sources in the diet. The present study suggests that the use of Schizochytrium oil in lieu of CLO and SBO can support good growth of abalone which is comparable with abalone fed the natural seaweeds diet.

Keywords

Thraustochytrid Schizochytrium sp. Formulated diets Lipid and fatty acids Abalone 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are indebted to SEAFDEC/AQD for the research grant, to Dioscoro T. de la Peña, Jr. and Dr. Pamela-Di R. de la Peña for the useful insights and to the reviewer for the valuable comments in improving this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milagros R. de la Peña
    • 1
    Email author
  • Myrna B. Teruel
    • 1
  • Jose M. Oclarit
    • 2
  • Mary Jane A. Amar
    • 3
  • Ellen Grace T. Ledesma
    • 1
  1. 1.Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department (SEAFDEC/AQD)TigbauanPhilippines
  2. 2.Matias H. Aznar Memorial CollegeCebu CityPhilippines
  3. 3.University of the PhilippinesMiagaoPhilippines

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