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Performance of Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae reared in indoor nursery tanks under biofloc conditions at different salinities and zero-water exchange

Abstract

Shrimp farming at low salinity is a trend that will continue to grow globally. Performance of Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae in the nursery at different salinities with a biofloc technology (BFT) system needs to be explored further, as the nursery is currently used as a transitional stage between the hatchery and grow-out ponds. Hence, this study evaluated the effect of seven salinity levels (2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 25, and 35 ‰) on the performance of L. vannamei postlarvae reared with a BFT system and zero-water exchange at 2000 org/m3. Additionally, this study evaluated the water quality of all salinity treatments. After 28 days of culture, the findings showed that, under biofloc conditions, salinity affected the performance of some variables of water quality in some cases, but only the combination of a high nitrite-N concentration (>4 mg/l) and low salinity (2 and 4 ‰) caused up to 100 % shrimp mortality in the first 2 weeks. In the rest of the treatments (8, 12, 16, 25, and 35  ‰), shrimp survival was >72 %. Shrimp mortality was affected by salinity, especially when it decreased from 35–25–16 to 12 and 8 ‰. The organisms reared at low salinities presented lower final weights and specific growth rate than those reared at higher salinities. An inverse relationship was shown between the ion concentration and the final weight of shrimp.

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Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful for the financial support provided by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Ministry of Fishery and Aquaculture (MPA) and Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Level Personnel (CAPES). W. Wasielesky Jr. is research fellow of CNPq. This work is part of the post-doctoral activities of H. M. Esparza-Leal, Ph.D., at the Universidad Federal do Rio Grande (FURG, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil), who received post-doc fellowships from CONACYT (Grant 203621) and Instituto Politécnico Nacional (leave of absence COP/COTEBAL/RR-09/14). The authors thank Sandro Fabres for assistance with the water quality analysis during the experimental work.

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Correspondence to Héctor M. Esparza-Leal.

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Esparza-Leal, H.M., Amaral Xavier, J.A. & Wasielesky, W. Performance of Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae reared in indoor nursery tanks under biofloc conditions at different salinities and zero-water exchange. Aquacult Int 24, 1435–1447 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-016-0001-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-016-0001-5

Keywords

  • Biofloc
  • Litopenaeus vannamei
  • Low salinity
  • Performance of postlarvae
  • Zero-water exchange