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Aquaculture International

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 509–521 | Cite as

Selective method for cyanobacterial bloom removal: hydraulic jet cavitation experience

  • Daniel JančulaEmail author
  • Přemysl Mikula
  • Blahoslav Maršálek
  • Pavel Rudolf
  • František Pochylý
Article

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the suitability of hydraulic jet cavitation as a method for cyanobacterial water-bloom management. Effects of cavitation were studied on laboratory culture of the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa, on a culture of a green alga Chlorella kessleri (as a non-target species) as well as on a real cyanobacterial biomass with Microcystis sp. as a dominant species. Our results suggested that the cavitation treatment of cyanobacteria is capable of causing the disintegration of their gas vesicles. Using this treatment, up to 99 % removal efficiency of cyanobacteria was achieved. Moreover, no effect on cyanobacterial membrane integrity or metabolic activity was detected by flow cytometry; thus, hydraulic cavitation seems to be harmless from the viewpoint of possible release of cyanotoxins into the water column. The green algae (here C. kessleri) were not affected negatively by the cavitation, and thus, they may still act as the natural nutrient competitors of cyanobacteria in lakes, ponds or reservoirs treated by cavitation.

Keywords

Esterase activity Membrane integrity Bioassay Ultrastructure Flow cytometry 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Eliška Zapomělová for providing the laboratory strain of M. aeruginosa. The research was supported by long-term research development project no. RVO 67985939 (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic). We gratefully knowledge the Czech Science Foundation for support of the research under project No. 101/09/1715 “Cavitating vortical structures induced by rotating liquid” as well.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Jančula
    • 1
    Email author
  • Přemysl Mikula
    • 1
  • Blahoslav Maršálek
    • 1
  • Pavel Rudolf
    • 2
  • František Pochylý
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.V. Kaplan Department of Fluid Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringBrno University of TechnologyBrnoCzech Republic

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