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Effect of dietary inulin and oligosaccharides as prebiotics for weaning turbot, Psetta maxima (Linnaeus, C. 1758)


Preliminary experiments were undertaken to investigate the effect of dietary inulin (Raftiline  ST), oligofructose (Raftilose  P95) and lactosucrose on the growth and intestinal bacteria of the marine carnivorous turbot, Psetta maxima. Turbot larvae were weaned on compound diets containing 2% Rafiline  ST, 2% Raftilose P95 or 2% lactosucrose; 2% cellulose was the carbon source in the control group. The final mean weight of the group weaned with Raftilose  P95 was significantly higher than those observed with the other diets. The bacterial load was highly variable in weaning turbot, especially with respect to the putative Vibrio spp. growing on TCBS agar which, in general, seemed to be dominant. Of the total load of bacterial isolates from turbot weaned on oligofructose, 14% consisted of a strain of Bacillus spp. This strain could use Raftilose  P95 as a single source of carbon, and it might play a role in the beneficial effect of oligofructose on turbot growth, since Bacillus spp. have been documented as probiotics in fish.

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This work was carried out within the framework of ASEFAF and supported by the ARI Programme “Improving Human Potential for Research” from the European Union through contract HPRI-CT-2001–00146. ORAFTI (Sucreries Tirlemontoises, Belgium) has provided a scholarship to the first author and freely furnished the prebiotics. The technical assistance of Jacques Moriceau and Hervé Le Delliou was highly appreciated. Thanks are also due to Dr. Nico Vromant for reading and correcting this manuscript.

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Correspondence to A. S. Mahious.

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Mahious, A.S., Gatesoupe, F.J., Hervi, M. et al. Effect of dietary inulin and oligosaccharides as prebiotics for weaning turbot, Psetta maxima (Linnaeus, C. 1758). Aquacult Int 14, 219–229 (2006).

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Key words

  • Fish nutrition
  • Fructo-oligosaccharides
  • Intestinal flora
  • Prebiotics
  • Turbot