Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

, Volume 91, Issue 2, pp 319–346

Numerical Simulation with an Extinction Database for Use with the Eddy Dissipation Concept for Turbulent Combustion

  • Bjørn Lilleberg
  • Dominik Christ
  • Ivar S. Ertesvåg
  • Kjell Erik Rian
  • Reinhold Kneer
Article

Abstract

A Local Extinction approach for treating chemical reaction kinetics within the Eddy Dissipation Concept (EDC) has been examined. It applies a database of pre-calculated chemical time scales, which contains the influence of chemical kinetics that is otherwise time-consuming to calculate. The approach was evaluated against experimental data for two piloted diffusion flames (Sandia/TNF Flame D and Flame E) and a piloted lean-premixed jet burner (PPJB). Results were also compared to the EDC with Fast Chemistry and with full Detailed Chemistry (GRI-Mech 3.0). All validation simulations were carried out using a standard k − ε turbulence model and the open-source CFD-toolbox OpenFOAM. The Local Extinction approach showed significantly better results than the Fast Chemistry approach while having a comparably small computational cost. For Flame D and the PPJB, the reactions along centerline and in the mixing layer near the nozzle, the reactions were reduced. For Flame E, the Local Extinciton model predicted some lift off of the flame. The Detailed Chemistry approach gave the best predictions compared to the experimental data, however the calculation effort was orders of magnitude higher.

Keywords

Computational Modeling Combustion Local extinction Eddy Dissipation Concept Detailed chemical kinetics Perfectly Stirred Reactor (PSR) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bjørn Lilleberg
    • 1
  • Dominik Christ
    • 2
  • Ivar S. Ertesvåg
    • 1
  • Kjell Erik Rian
    • 3
  • Reinhold Kneer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Energy and Process EngineeringNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Institute of Heat and Mass Transfer (WSA)RWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  3. 3.Computational Industry Technologies AS (ComputIT)TrondheimNorway

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