Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 60, Issue 3, pp 299–311 | Cite as

Stellate hairs on leaves of a deciduous shrub Viburnumerosum var. punctatum (Adoxaceae) effectively protect Brevipalpusobovatus (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) eggs from the predator Phytoseiusnipponicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae)

Article

Abstract

The eggs of the herbivorous false spider mite Brevipalpusobovatus Donnadieu have a longer incubation period than those of spider mites and are not protected by webs. Brevipalpusobovatus often lays its eggs in the gaps among the hairs on host leaves. We examined the effects of stellate hairs of Viburnumerosum var. punctatum (VEP) leaves on the survival of B. obovatus eggs. Adult B. obovatus and Phytoseiusnipponicus Ehara, a generalist predator, were introduced to VEP leaf disks; each B. obovatus egg was inspected daily until hatching. More eggs (63 vs. 42 %) survived on the abaxial surfaces of VEP leaves, where the stellate hairs are more complicated, than on the adaxial surfaces. Predation hazard decreased rapidly with increasing egg age and a substantial portion of the eggs hatched. Phytoseiusnipponicus preyed on eggs regardless of egg age when mixed-age eggs were provided. Manipulative experiments with bent stellate hairs showed that the normal hairs reduced the predation risk of B. obovatus eggs by P. nipponicus. Therefore, the predation hazard was considered to decrease since the stellate hairs hindered the search for B. obovatus eggs by the phytoseiid mite.

Keywords

False spider mites Predator avoidance Leaf-surface microstructures 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Prof. H. Amano and Dr. S. Yano of Kyoto University for valuable suggestions. This study was partially supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) Nos. 22380036 to MO from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan and Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows Nos. 23.2696 to SM from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).

Supplementary material

10493_2012_9648_MOESM1_ESM.docx (111 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 110 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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