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Temperature-related development and population parameters for Typhlodromus pyri (Acari: Phytoseiidae) found in Oregon vineyards

Abstract

The beneficial mite Typhlodromus pyri is a key predator of grapevine rust mite Calepitrimerus vitis in Pacific coastal vineyards. Rust mite feeding has been associated with damage such as stunted, deformed shoot growth and reductions in fruit yield. The life history traits of T. pyri were assessed at seven constant temperatures (12.5, 15, 17.5, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) to determine population parameters providing data to better predict biological control of C. vitis populations by T. pyri in vineyards. Successful development from the egg to adult stage was observed at temperatures ranging from 15 to 30 °C. Constant exposure to 12.5 and 35 °C resulted in 100 % mortality in immature T. pyri. Developmental times, fecundity and longevity were highest at 25 °C. The estimated minimum and maximum developmental thresholds were 7.24 and 42.56 °C, respectively. Intrinsic rate of increase (r m ) was positive from 15 to 30 °C indicating population growth within this range of temperatures. Net reproductive rate and intrinsic rate of increase were greatest at 25 °C. These developmental parameters can be used to estimate population growth, determine seasonal phenology and aid in conservation management of T. pyri. Results presented in this study will aid in evaluating the effectiveness of T. pyri as a key biological control agent of C. vitis during different periods of the growing season in Pacific Northwest vineyards.

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Acknowledgments

We extend our gratitude to Christopher Hedstrom for his technical support in rearing, transferring and counting mites for this project. Funding for this research was provided from the Western Sustainable Agricultural Research and Education Program, the Oregon Wine Board and the USDA Northwest Center for Small Fruit Research.

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Correspondence to Angela N. Gadino.

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Gadino, A.N., Walton, V.M. Temperature-related development and population parameters for Typhlodromus pyri (Acari: Phytoseiidae) found in Oregon vineyards. Exp Appl Acarol 58, 1–10 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-012-9562-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-012-9562-9

Keywords

  • Life history traits
  • Predatory mite
  • Developmental parameters
  • Conservation biological control