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The spatial and temporal distribution of predatory and phytophagous mites in field-grown strawberry in the UK

Abstract

Extensive sampling of strawberry plants in everbearing and June-bearing strawberry plantations and on potted plants showed that different species of mites were spatially separated. Of the two phytophagous species recorded, Tetranychus urticae was most abundant on old leaves and Phytonemus pallidus on folded leaves and flower/fruit clusters. Predatory phytoseiid mites were found on all plant parts but different species were spatially separated; Neoseiulus cucumeris and N. aurescens were found mostly on folded leaves and clusters, and N. californicus and Phytoseiulus persimilis on old and medium aged leaves. No Typhlodromus pyri were found in the field plantations. These patterns of distribution did not change over sampling dates in summer and early autumn. An understanding of this within-plant zonation of mite species is important when studying predator–prey interactions and when designing sampling strategies for strawberry. A programme to sample the entire mite system on strawberry should be stratified to include all the above mentioned parts of the plant. Different sampling protocols, as appropriate, are required for sampling different pest species and their associated predators.

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Acknowledgements

This research was funded by the UK Department of Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). We thank Gael Perlet and Jennifer Butcher for technical assistance.

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Correspondence to Jean Fitzgerald.

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Fitzgerald, J., Xu, X., Pepper, N. et al. The spatial and temporal distribution of predatory and phytophagous mites in field-grown strawberry in the UK. Exp Appl Acarol 44, 293–306 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-008-9151-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-008-9151-0

Keywords

  • Strawberry
  • Tetranychus urticae
  • Phytonemus pallidus
  • Phytoseiids
  • Neoseiulus californicus
  • Neoseiulus cucumeris
  • Neoseiulus aurescens
  • Phytoseiulus persimilis
  • Distribution
  • Sampling