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Ownership influences on corporate social responsibility in the Indian context

  • James J. Cordeiro
  • Ambra Galeazzo
  • Tara Shankar Shaw
  • Rajaram Veliyath
  • M. K. Nandakumar
Article

Abstract

The empirical evidence from the extant literature has been equivocal regarding the influence exerted by different ownership types on corporate social responsibility (CSR), especially in developing countries such as India characterized by institutional voids. We use a longitudinal panel dataset of 500 large Indian companies to test a model of corporate ownership forms as key determinants of CSR engagement in India. Based on neo-institutional theory, our model of CSR determinants investigates the roles of three salient aspects of ownership namely multinational ownership/affiliation, state ownership and family ownership and control, after controlling for the influence of firm size, firm age, leverage, the availability of slack resources, profitability and various governance attributes. Our ordered logit regressions indicate strong support for the role of multinational ownership and family control and management in promoting higher levels of CSR engagement. Contrary to expectations, public sector ownership appeared to negatively impact CSR engagement. We offer our conjectures on this anomalous finding and the research possibilities it opens up.

Keywords

Corporate social responsibility Multinational ownership Family ownership and control State ownership Indian firms 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017
corrected publication April/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • James J. Cordeiro
    • 1
  • Ambra Galeazzo
    • 2
  • Tara Shankar Shaw
    • 3
  • Rajaram Veliyath
    • 4
  • M. K. Nandakumar
    • 5
  1. 1.School of BusinessState University of New York, BrockportBrockportUSA
  2. 2.Dipartimento Di Scienze Economiche E Aziendali “Marco Fanno”University of PadovaPadovaItaly
  3. 3.Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) BombayMumbaiIndia
  4. 4.Coles College of BusinessKennesaw State UniversityKennesawUSA
  5. 5.Indian Institute of Management KozhikodeKozhikodeIndia

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