Post-deployment Mental Health Screening: A Systematic Review of Current Evidence and Future Directions
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Population-based post-deployment screening programs within the Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs have been implemented to assess for mental health conditions and traumatic brain injury. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review the literature on post-deployment screening within this context and evaluate evidence compared to commonly accepted screening implementation criteria. Findings reflected highly variable psychometric properties of the various screens, variable treatment referral rates following screening, low to moderate treatment initiation rates following screening, and no information on treatment completion or long-term outcomes following screening. In sum, the evidence supporting population based post-deployment screening is inconclusive. Implications are discussed.
KeywordsMental health screening Depression PTSD Alcohol TBI
This work was supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Services Research and Development (HSR and D) Polytrauma and Blast-Related Injuries Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (PT/BRI QUERI) (PLY 05-184) and National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) [90AR5017 (formerly H133P130009)]. The content of this article presents the findings and conclusions of the authors and does not necessarily represent the VA or HSR and D.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Research Involving with Animal and Human Participants
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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