Mental Health Court Outcomes by Offense Type at Admission

  • Bradley RayEmail author
  • Sheryl Pimlott Kubiak
  • Erin B. Comartin
  • Elizabeth Tillander
Original Article


Using a statewide database of mental health court (MHC) defendants, this study examines criminal justice outcomes by target arrest offense type. Findings suggest that defendants with a felony are less likely to complete MHC but those who do are at no greater risk of recidivism post-exit than those with a misdemeanor. In terms of jail days, both completers and noncompleters with a felony had reductions in jail days; however, misdemeanor defendants, especially those who did not complete MHC, had increases. We discuss why MHC supervision may sometimes have a negative effect and offer recommendations on how courts might modify supervision.


Mental health court Recidivism Offense type Specialty courts 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bradley Ray
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sheryl Pimlott Kubiak
    • 2
  • Erin B. Comartin
    • 3
  • Elizabeth Tillander
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Public and Environmental AffairsIndiana University-Purdue University IndianapolisIndianapolisUSA
  2. 2.School of Social WorkMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Department of Sociology, Anthropology, Social Work and Criminal JusticeOakland UniversityRochesterUSA

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