Building Bridges to Evidence-based Practice: The MacArthur Foundation Child System and Treatment Enhancement Projects (Child STEPs)

  • Sonja K. Schoenwald
  • Kelly Kelleher
  • John R. Weisz
  • The Research Network on Youth Mental Health
Brief Communication

Abstract

The papers in this special issue describe research undertaken by the MacArthur Foundation-funded Research Network on Youth Mental Health. The project is designed to understand the challenges of implementing evidence-based treatments in community-based mental health practices. This Introduction and the following articles describe the impetus and conceptual framework underlying one cluster of the Network’s activity—i.e., the Clinic Systems Project (CSP). The CSP studies examined the organizational and service system environments in a large national sample of community mental health and affiliated organizations that provide services to children. The main goal is to identify leverage points for, and barriers to, the adoption and implementation of evidence-based practices for children.

Keywords

Evidence based treatments Evidence based practice Children’s mental health 

References

  1. Adams, P. (1994). Marketing social change: The case of family preservation. Children and Youth Services Review, 16, 417–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Backer, T. E., David, S. L., & Soucy, G. (Eds.). (1995). Reviewing the behavioral science knowledge base on technology transfer (NIDA Research Monograph 155, NIH Publication No. 95-4035). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
  3. Bernfeld, G. A., Blasé, K. A., & Fixsen, D. L. (1990). Towards a unified perspective on human service delivery systems: Application of the teaching-family model. In R. J. McMahon, R. De V. Peters (Eds.), Behavior disorders of adolescents: Research, intervention and policy in clinical and school settings (pp. 191–205). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  4. Bickman, L. (Ed.). (1996). Special issue: The Fort Bragg experiment. The Journal of Mental Health Administration, 23, 7–15.Google Scholar
  5. Bickman, L., Summerfelt, W. T., & Noser, K. (1997). Comparative outcomes of emotionally disturbed children and adolescents in a system of services and unusual care. Psychiatric Services, 48, 1543–1548.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown, B. S. (2000). From research to practice: The bridge is out and the water’s rising. In J. A. Levy, R. C. Stephens, & D. C. McBride (Eds.), Emerging issues in the field of drug abuse. Advances in medical sociology (Vol. 7, pp. 345–365). Stamford, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  7. Chamberlain, P. (2003). The Oregon treatment foster care model: Features, outcomes, and progress in dissemination. Special series, current strategies for moving evidence-based interventions into clinical practice. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 10, 303–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fixsen, D. L., Naoom, S. F., Blasé, K. A., Friedman, R. M., & Wallace, F. (2005). Implementation research: A synthesis of the literature. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida, Louis De la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute, The National Implementation Research Network.Google Scholar
  9. Grimshaw, J. M., Shirran, L., Thomas, R., Mowatt, G., Fraser, C., Bero, L., Grilli, R., Harvey, E., Oxman, A., & O’Brien, M. A. (2001). Changing provider behavior: An overview of systematic reviews of interventions. Medical Care, 39, (8 Suppl 2), II-2–45.Google Scholar
  10. Grol, R., & Grimshaw, J. (1999). Evidence-based implementation of evidence-based medicine. Journal on Quality Improvement, 25, 503–513.Google Scholar
  11. Hoagwood, K., Burns, B. J., & Weisz, J. R. (2002). A profitable conjunction: From science to service in children’s mental health. In B. J. Burns, &K. Hoagwood (Eds.), Community treatment for youth: Evidence-based interventions for severe emotional and behavioral disorders (pp. 327–338). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Hohmann, A. (1999). A contextual model for mental health effectiveness research. Mental Health Services Research, 1, 83–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Humphrey, H. H. (1963). The behavioral sciences and survival. American Psychologist, 18, 290–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Institute of Medicine. (2001). Crossing the quality chasm: A new health system for the 21st century. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  15. Martin, J. L., Weisz, J. R., Chorpita, B. F., Higa, C. K., Wells, K. C., Southam-Gerow, J. A., & The Research Network on Youth Mental Health. (2007). Moving evidence-based practgices into everyday clinical care settings: Addressing challenges associated with pathways to treatment, child characteristics, and structure of treatment. Emotional and Behavioral Disorders in Youth, 7, 5–21, Winter 2006–2007.Google Scholar
  16. Melton, G. B., & Pagliocca, P. W. (1992). Treatment in the juvenile justice system: Directions for policy and practice. In J. J. Cocozza (Ed.), Responding to the mental health needs of youth in the juvenile justice system (pp. 107–139). Seattle, WA: National Coalition for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System.Google Scholar
  17. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2004). Report of the blue ribbon task force on health services research, National Institute of Drug Abuse. Rockville, MD: National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  18. National Institute of Mental Health. (1971). A manual on research utilization: Planning for creative change in mental health services (DHEW Publication No. (HSM) 73–9147. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  19. National Institute of Mental Health. (2001). Bridging science and service: A report by the National Advisory Mental Health Council’s Clinical Treatment and Services Research Workgroup. Rockville, MD: National Institutes of Health.Google Scholar
  20. National Institute of Mental Health. (2006). The road ahead: Research partnerships to transform services. A Report by the National Advisory Mental Health Council’s Services Research and Clinical Epidemiology Workgroup. Rockville, MD: National Institutes of Health.Google Scholar
  21. President’s New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. (2003). Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America. Rockville, MD: USDHHS. SMA-03-3832.Google Scholar
  22. Racine, D. P. (2006). Reliable effectiveness: A theory on sustaining and replicating worthwhile innovations. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services, Research, 33, 356–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rogers, E. M. (1995). Diffusion of Innovations (4th ed.). New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  24. Schoenwald, S. K. (in press). Toward evidence-based transport of evidence-based treatments. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse.Google Scholar
  25. Schoenwald, S. K., & Hoagwood, K. (2001). Effectiveness, transportability, and dissemination of interventions: What matters when? Psychiatric Services, 52, 1179–1189.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Stirman, S. W., Crits-Christoph, P., & DeRubeis, R. J. (2004). Achieving successful dissemination of empirically supported psychotherapies: A synthesis of dissemination theory. Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice, 11, 343–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stolz, S. B. (1981). Adoption of innovations from applied behavioral research: Does anybody care? Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 14, 491–505.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stroul, B. A., & Friedman, R. M. (1994). A system of care for children and youth with severe emotional disturbance. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Child Development Center.Google Scholar
  29. Stuart, G. W, Burland, J., Ganju, V., Levounis, P., & Kiosk, S. (2002). Educational best practices. Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 29, 325–334.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. U.S. Public Health Service. (2000). Report of the Surgeon General’s Conference on Children’s Mental Health: A National Action Agenda. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  31. Weiss, C. H. (1972). Evaluating educational and social action programs: A “treeful of owls.” In C. H. Weiss (Eds.), Evaluating action programs: Readings in social action and education. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
  32. Weisz, J. R. (2000). Lab-clinic differences and what we can do about them: I. The Clinic-Based Treatment Development Model. Clinical Child Psychology Newsletter, 15(1–3), 10.Google Scholar
  33. Weisz, J. R., Donenberg, G. R., Han, S., & Kauneckis, D. (1995a). Child and adolescent psychotherapy outcomes in experiments and in clinics: Why the disparity? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 83–106.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Weisz, J. R., Donenberg, G. R., Han, S. S., & Weiss, B. (1995b). Bridging the gap between lab and clinic in child and adolescent psychotherapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 688–701.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Weisz, J. R., & Weiss, B. (1993). Effects of psychotherapy with children and adolescents. New York: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  36. Weisz, J. R., Weiss, B., Han, S., Granger, D. A., & Morton, T. (1995c). Effects of psychotherapy with children and adolescents revisited: A meta-analysis of treatment outcome studies. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 450–468.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonja K. Schoenwald
    • 1
  • Kelly Kelleher
    • 2
  • John R. Weisz
    • 3
    • 4
  • The Research Network on Youth Mental Health
    • 5
  1. 1.Family Services Research CenterMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA
  2. 2.Columbus Children’s Hospital and The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Judge Baker Children’s CenterBostonUSA
  4. 4.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  5. 5.ChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations