Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 127–132 | Cite as

Objectively-Measured Free-Living Physical Activity and Heart Rate Recovery

  • Brittany R. Counts
  • Jeremy P. Loenneke
  • Paul D. LoprinziEmail author


The purpose of this study was to examine the association of free-living, objectively-measured physical activity on treadmill-based heart rate recovery (HRR), a parameter known to associate with morbidity and mortality. Data was used from 2003 to 2004 NHANES. Physical activity was assessed via accelerometry, with HRR recovery assessed from a treadmill-based test. Heart rate recovery minute 1 (HRR1) and minute 2 (HRR2) were calculated. After adjustment, light and vigorous-intensity free-living physical activity, respectively, were associated with HRR1adjusted = 0.69, 95% CI 0.22–1.14; βadjusted 1.94, 95% CI 0.01–3.9) and HRR2adjusted = 0.99, 95% CI 0.35–1.62; βadjusted = 5.88, 95% CI 2.63–9.12). Moderate physical activity was not associated with HRR1adjusted = 0.60, 95% CI −0.41 to 1.62), but was with HRR2adjusted = 2.28, 95% CI 1.27–3.28). As free-living physical activity intensity increased, there was a greater association with HRR. This finding may provide mechanistic insight of previous research observations demonstrating intensity-specific effects of physical activity on various health outcomes.


Baroreflex sensitivity Vagal tone Autonomic nervous system Accelerometry 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brittany R. Counts
    • 1
  • Jeremy P. Loenneke
    • 1
  • Paul D. Loprinzi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation ManagementThe University of MississippiUniversityUSA

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