Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, 89:79 | Cite as

Hormographiella verticillata and an Ozonium stage as anamorphs of Coprinellus domesticus

  • Orlando CáceresEmail author
  • Roland Kirschner
  • Meike Piepenbring
  • Helmut Schöfer
  • Josepa Gené


Living cultures of Hormographiella verticillata and Coprinellus domesticus, as well as herbarium specimens of Ozonium spp. have been examined and compared. Based on morphological and molecular data, we present for the first time C. domesticus as a teleomorphic stage of H. verticillata and a first record of H. verticillata isolated from human skin in America (Panama). In addition to Hormographiella, species of Ozonium have been described as anamorphic stages of species of Coprinus s.l. Based on extensive review of the literature and own observations, we propose to apply the names Hormographiella spp. to conidiogenous stages of species of Coprinus s.l. and Ozonium stage to the sterile brown hyphae which can be observed in nature and in older cultures of species of Hormographiella. Because species of Ozonium are not distinguishable morphologically, we do not use species names in this genus. The two imperfect stages represent synanamorphs which are designated explicitly for a species of Coprinus s.l. for the first time.

Key words:

Agaricales Basidiomycota Coprinus domesticus Human skin lesions Hyphomycetes 



We are grateful to M. Chávez and C. Martínez for their excellent work isolating fungal strains, to A. Vargas (director of the Hospital Dionisio Arrocha), R. España (dermatologist), A. Lara (director of the laboratory of the Hospital Dionisio Arrocha), and C.-L. Hou for their collaboration, Y. Samudio, O. Pinzón, and D. Icaza at the Universidad Autónoma de Chiriquí (UNACHI) and C.-L. Hou and S. Späthe (University of Frankfurt) for technical assistance. The present investigation received financial support by the DAAD and the University of Frankfurt (J. Skillen) in the context of the university partnership between the university of Frankfurt and the UNACHI.


  1. Breitenbach J. and Kränzlin F.(1995). Pilze der Schweiz. Band 4. Blätterpilze 2. Verlag Mykologia, LuzernGoogle Scholar
  2. Bresinsky A. and Binder M. (1998). Leratiomyces nom. nov. für eine bislang nicht gültig beschriebene Gattung der Strophariaceae (Agaricales) aus Neukaledonien. Z. Mycol. 64: 79–82Google Scholar
  3. Brodie H.J. (1931). The oidia of Coprinus lagopus and their relation with insects. Ann. Bot. 45: 315–344 + plate XGoogle Scholar
  4. Brooks F.T. (1912–13). Observations on pure cultures of some Ascomycetes and Basidiomycetes. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. (reprint 1963) 4: 239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Buller A.H.R. (1924). Researches on Fungi. III. The production and liberation of spores in Hymenomycetes and Uredineae. Hafner Publishing Co., New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. De Hoog G.S. and Gerrits van den Ende A.H.G. (1998). Molecular diagnostics of clinical strains of filamentous Basidiomycetes. Mycoses 41: 183–189PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. De Hoog G.S., Guarro J., Gené J. and Figueras M.J. (2000). Atlas of clinical fungi. Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures / Universitat Rovira i Virgili, BaarnGoogle Scholar
  8. Donk M.A. (1962). The generic names proposed for Hymenomycetes-XII; Deuteromycetes. Taxon 11: 75–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Emmons C.W. (1954). Isolation of Myxotrichum and Gymnoascus from the lungs of animals. Mycologia 46: 334–338Google Scholar
  10. Felsenstein J. (1993). PHYLIP (Phylogeny Inference Package) version 3.5c. Distributed by the author. Department of Genetics, University of Washington, SeattleGoogle Scholar
  11. Gené J., Guillamón J.M., Guarro J., Pujol I. and Ulfig K. (1996). Molecular characterization, relatedness and antifungal susceptibility of the basidiomycetous Hormographiella species and Coprinus inereus from clinical and environmental sources. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 70: 49–57PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. González G.M., Sutton D.A., Thompson E., Tijerina R. and Rinaldi M.G. (2001). In vitro activities of approved and investigational antifungal agents against 44 clinical isolates of basidiomycetous fungi. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 45: 633–635PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guarro J., Gené J., de Vroey Ch. and Guého E. (1992). Hormographiella, a new genus of hyphomycetes from clinical sources. Mycotaxon 45: 179–190Google Scholar
  14. Hawksworth D.L., Kirk P.M., Sutton B.C. and Pegler D.N. (1995). Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi. CAB International, UKGoogle Scholar
  15. Hernández-Molina J.M. and García-Martos P.G. (1998). Aislamiento de teleomorfos de muestras clínicas. Rev. Iberoam. Micol. 15: 235–242PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Hopple J.S. and Vilgalys R. (1999). Phylogenetic relationships in the mushroom genus Coprinus and dark-spored allies based on sequence data from the nuclear gene coding for the large ribosomal subunit RNA: divergent domains, outgroups, and monophyly. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 13: 1–19PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Keirle M.R., Hemmes D.E. and Desjardin D.E. (2004). Agaricales of the Hawaiian Islands. 8. Agaricaceae: Coprinus and Podaxis; Psathyrellaceae: Coprinopsis, Coprinellus and Parasola. Fungal Diversity 15: 33–124Google Scholar
  18. Kirk P.M., Cannon P.F., David J.C. and Stalpers J.A. (2001). Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the fungi. CAB International, UKGoogle Scholar
  19. Kirschner R., Sampaio J.P., Gadanho M., Weiß M. and Oberwinkler F. (2001). Cuniculitrema polymorpha (Tremellales, gen. nov. and sp. nov.), a heterobasidiomycete vectored by bark beetles, which is the teleomorph of Sterigmatosporidium polymorphum. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 80: 149–161PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kües U. (2000). Life history and developmental processes in the basidiomycete Coprinus cinereus. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev 64: 316–353PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lacaz C. da S., Heinz-Vaccari E.M., Takahashi N.D.M. and Hernandez-Arriagada G.L. (1996). Invited rewiew basidiomycosis: A review of the literature. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. São Paulo 38: 379–390Google Scholar
  22. Léveillé J.M. (1843). Mémoire sur le genre Sclerotium. Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. Biol. 20: 218–248Google Scholar
  23. Link H.F. (1809). Observationes in Ordines Plantarum Naturales. Mag. Ges. naturf. Fr. Berl. 3: 3–42Google Scholar
  24. Moser M. (1983). Die Röhrlinge und Blätterpilze. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Orton P.D. and Watling R. 1979. British fungus flora. Agarics and Boleti 2. Coprinaceae Part 1, Coprinus. Royal Botanical Garden, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  26. Persoon C.H. 1822. Completa omnium fungorum in variis Europaeae regionibus detectorum enumeratio. Mycologia Europaea 1: 86–88.Google Scholar
  27. Plowright C.B. (1901). Ozonium auricomum Link. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc (reprint 1963). 1: 181–182Google Scholar
  28. Polak E., Hermann R., Kües U. and Aebi M. (1997). Asexual sporulation in Coprinus cinereus: Structure and development of oidiophores and oidia in Amut Bmut homokaryon. Fungal Genet. Biol. 22: 112–126PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Quélet L. (1888). Flore mycologique de la France et des pays limitrophes. Octave Doin Editeur, ParisGoogle Scholar
  30. Rea C. 1902–1906. Ozonium auricomum Link. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. (reprint 1963) 2: 166.Google Scholar
  31. Redhead A.S., Vilgalys R., Moncalvo J., Johnson J. and Hopple J.S. Jr. (2001). Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species sensu lato. Taxon 50: 203–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tubaki K. (1981). Hyphomycetes - their perfect-imperfect connections. J. Cramer, VaduzGoogle Scholar
  33. Tulasne C. and Tulasne L.R. (1931). Selecta Fungorum Carpologia. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  34. Uljé C.B. 2003. Coprinus site (∼ ∼idakees/).
  35. Verweij P., van Kasteren M., van de Nes J., de Hoog G.S., de Pauw B.E. and Meis J.F.G.M. (1997). Fatal pulmonary infection caused by the basidiomycete Hormographiella aspergillata. J. Clin. Microbiol. 35: 2675–2678PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Walther G., Garnica S. and Weiß M. (2005). The systematic relevance of conidiogenesis modes in the gilled Agaricales. Mycol. Res. 109: 535–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Watling R. (1979). The morphology, variation and ecological significance of anamorphs in the Agaricales. In: Kendrick B. (ed). The Whole Fungus Vol 2. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Canada, pp. 453–472Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Orlando Cáceres
    • 1
    Email author
  • Roland Kirschner
    • 1
  • Meike Piepenbring
    • 1
  • Helmut Schöfer
    • 2
  • Josepa Gené
    • 3
  1. 1.Botanical InstituteJ. W. Goethe-University of Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Department of DermatovenerologyUniversity of Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Unitat de Microbiologia, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la SalutUniversitat Rovira i VirgiliReusSpain

Personalised recommendations