Annals of Operations Research

, Volume 255, Issue 1–2, pp 277–300 | Cite as

A target-based method for energy saving and carbon emissions reduction in China based on environmental data envelopment analysis

  • Linlin Zhao
  • Yong ZhaEmail author
  • Kangning Wei
  • Liang Liang
S.I.: Energy and Climate Policy Modeling


It is an important issue for China’s energy and climate policy to achieve the targeted goals of energy saving and carbon emissions reduction. In this study, we develop a data envelopment analysis-based framework for energy saving and carbon emissions reduction in China. We first separate the related \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) emissions into various classifications and propose a framework for customized adjustment of energy saving strategy. Customized targets for the inefficient decision-making unites (DMUs) are introduced to improve the efficiencies based on energy conservation technology and energy structural adjustment. Step-by-step mechanisms of energy saving and carbon emissions reduction are provided for inefficient DMUs. To overcome the difficulties of energy consumption in China, the proposed approach provides a flexible way by making proper energy saving and carbon emissions reduction strategies. Detailed analysis of the regional energy saving and carbon emissions reduction targets in China is illustrated to better verify the proposed approach.


Energy saving Carbon emissions reduction Data envelopment analysis Customized adjustment 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 71371008, 71001093), Major International (Regional) Joint Research Projects (Grant No. 71110107024) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China for Innovative Research Groups (Grant No. 71121061).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linlin Zhao
    • 1
  • Yong Zha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kangning Wei
    • 2
  • Liang Liang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ManagementUniversity of Science of Technology of ChinaHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of ManagementShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China

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