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Two Kneser–Poulsen-type inequalities in planes of constant curvature

Abstract

We show that the perimeter of the convex hull of finitely many disks lying in the hyperbolic or Euclidean plane, or in a hemisphere does not increase when the disks are rearranged so that the distances between their centers do not increase. This generalizes the theorem on the monotonicity of the perimeter of the convex hull of a finite set under contractions, proved in the Euclidean plane by V. N. Sudakov [8], R. Alexander [1], V. Capoyleas and J. Pach [3]. We also prove that the area of the intersection of finitely many disks in the hyperbolic plane does not decrease after such a contractive rearrangement. The Euclidean analogue of the latter statement was proved by K. Bezdek and R. Connelly [2]. Both theorems are proved by a suitable adaptation of a recently published method of I. Gorbovickis [4].

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Correspondence to B. Csikós.

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Dedicated to Ted Bisztriczky, Gábor Fejes Tóth, and Endre Makai on the occasion of their 70th birthdays

The research was supported by the National Research Development and Innovation Office (NKFIH) Grant No. OTKA K112703.

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Csikós, B., Horváth, M. Two Kneser–Poulsen-type inequalities in planes of constant curvature. Acta Math. Hungar. 155, 158–174 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10474-018-0820-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10474-018-0820-0

Key words and phrases

  • Kneser–Poulsen conjecture
  • central set

Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 52A10
  • 52A55
  • 52A40