A novel low SAR water-based mobile handset antenna

  • Najat NasserEmail author
  • Dina Serhal
  • Rabih Barake
  • Mohammad Rammal
  • Patrick Vaudon


The effect of mobile phones on human health is becoming a serious concern in the last decade. This paper suggests a novel water-based cellular phone antenna for reducing the electromagnetic wave radiation toward human head. Two antennas are considered: a single band PIFA operating at 1.8 GHz, and a dual band PIFA operating at 900 MHz and 1.8 GHz. The specific absorption rate (SAR) is decreased up to 0.6 W/kg by limiting the propagation of near electromagnetic fields toward the human head and therefore reducing the current density distribution. The reduction of SAR is carried out by introducing an U-edge wall made of an absorbing water material at each corner of the ground plane.


Water material PIFA SAR Current density 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Najat Nasser
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dina Serhal
    • 2
  • Rabih Barake
    • 3
  • Mohammad Rammal
    • 3
  • Patrick Vaudon
    • 1
  1. 1.XLIM LabLimoges UniversityLimogesFrance
  2. 2.Electrical and Computer Engineering DepartmentRafik Hariri UniversityMechrefLebanon
  3. 3.University Institute of TechnologyLebanese UniversitySidonLebanon

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