5.18–7.42 GHz LC-VCO in subthreshold regime with low power low phase noise and immunity to PVT variations in 130 nm CMOS technology

  • Abdelhamid AitoumeriEmail author
  • Abdelmalik Bouyahyaoui
  • Mustapha Alami


In this paper, we propose an LC-VCO using automatic amplitude control and filtering technique to eliminate frequency noise around 2\(\omega _0\). The LC-VCO is designed with TSMC 130 nm CMOS RF technology, and biased in subthreshold regime in order to get more negative transconductance to overcome the losses in the LC-Tank and achieve less power consumption. The designed VCO operates at 5.17 GHz and can be tuned from 5.17 to 7.398 GHz, which is corresponding to 35.5% tuning range. The VCO consumes through it 495–440.5 \(\upmu\)W from 400 mV dc supply. This VCO achieves a phase noise of \(-\,122.3\) and \(-\,111.7\) dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset from 5.17 and 7.39 GHz carrier, respectively. The calculated Figure-of-merits (FoM) at 1 MHz offset from 5.17 and 7.39 GHz is \(-\,199.7\) and \(-\,192.4\) dBc/Hz, respectively. And it is under \(-\,190.5\) dBc/Hz through all the tuning range. The FoM\(_T\) at 1 MHz offset from 5.17 GHz carrier is \(-\,210.6\) dBc/Hz. The proposed design was simulated for three different temperatures (\(-\,55\), 27, \(125\,^{\circ }\hbox {C}\)), and three supply voltages (0.45, 0.4, 0.35 V), it was concluded that the designed LC-VCO presents high immunity to PVT variations, and can be used for multi-standard wireless LAN communication protocols 802.11a/b/g.


Subthreshold LC-VCO Phase noise Power consumption CMOS technology PVT 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.STRS LabNational Institute of Posts and Telecommunications (INPT)RabatMorocco

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