A low-power temperature-compensated CMOS relaxation oscillator

  • Yuchi Ni
  • Marvin OnabajoEmail author


A relaxation oscillator with integrated voltage and current reference generation circuitry is presented in this paper for on-chip clock signal generation in low-power applications. Designed and simulated in 0.11 μm CMOS technology, the oscillator provides a clock signal at the frequency of 20 kHz with a temperature coefficient of 314 ppm/ °C over a range from −20 to 80 °C. The oscillator’s output signal frequency has a standard deviation of 7.9 % under the influence of device mismatches. It operates with a supply voltage of 1.2 V and has a dynamic power consumption of 4.9 μW at room temperature. An integrated voltage and current reference generator was developed to provide two reference voltages at 484.6 and 663.5 mV with simulated temperature coefficients of 7.5 and 16 ppm/ °C over a range from −20 to 80 °C respectively, as well as a reference current of 26.84 nA with a temperature coefficient of 166 ppm/ °C over the same temperature range.


Relaxation oscillator Temperature compensation Process variation Low-power analog design Reference voltage generation Reference current generation 



This work was supported in part by the NSF Grant ECCS-1349692. The authors thank Chun-hsiang Chang from Northeastern University for valuable discussions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical & Computer EngineeringNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA

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