The use of manual-based interventions that aim to improve outcomes and that allow for replication become a research standard in recent years. Currently, the dance/movement therapy English language literature contains few if any works on specific guidelines or models to help researchers conceptualize, develop, pilot, revise and execute treatment protocols. Therefore, this manuscript describes in detail the development of manualized dance/movement therapy treatment protocol for a clinical trial on the negative symptoms and psychosocial functioning in individuals with schizophrenia. It provides a comprehensive description of the step-by-step process of the creation and implementation of the intervention manual. As such it offers a guideline to help researchers conceptualize, develop, pilot, revise and execute the treatment protocol. Feasibility and acceptance findings are included. Discussion of the importance of the use of manualized treatment protocols in dance/movement therapy research and their limitations follows.
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We thank our study participants and assistance from dissertation committee, mentors, and other individuals who greatly contributed to this project. The authors acknowledge all members of the Community Mental Health Center; Polish research team members; students and staff of the Community Psychiatry Department of Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum; and research assistants.
This study was funded by a Grant from the Marian Chace Foundation.
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All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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Bryl, K., Goodill, S. Development, Execution and Acceptance of a Manualized Dance/Movement Therapy Treatment Protocol for the Clinical Trial in the Treatment of Negative Symptoms and Psychosocial Functioning in Schizophrenia. Am J Dance Ther 42, 150–175 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10465-019-09312-8
- Dance/movement therapy
- Manualized treatment protocol
- Intervention manual
- Negative symptoms
- Psychosocial functioning