Artificial Intelligence Review

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 471–488 | Cite as

Estimation of automatic detection of erythemato-squamous diseases through AdaBoost and its hybrid classifiers

  • N. Badrinath
  • G. Gopinath
  • K. S. RavichandranEmail author
  • R. Girish Soundhar


This paper focuses on efficient techniques based on AdaBoost and its hybrid (AdaBoost-SVM) classifiers for an automatic detection of the erythemato-squamous diseases (ESD). The classification of ESD requires an enormous amount of computational effort, as all the features of the diseases have more than 90 % commonality. Some of the approaches reported in literature are fuzzy logic, artificial neural networks, neuro-fuzzy models and support vector machine. Recently, AdaBoost and its hybrid algorithms are widely used to enhance the accuracy of the learning algorithms. In this paper, we propose AdaBoost and its hybrid algorithms for diagnosis of erythemato-squamous diseases for the first time. User-friendly-interface is designed to assist dermatologists to estimate the ESD with the help of 34 features includes patient’s histopathological and clinical data sets. Efficient interface design is based on the following steps: (1) feature selection for all the 34 parameters involved in the erythemato-squamous disease is done using association rule based Apriori algorithm, (2) association rules are used to find \(\upalpha \%\) of transactions (diseases) to meet \(\upbeta \%\) of the features of the diseases, (3) support value of all the subset of \(\upalpha \) transaction from \(\upalpha \%\) of transactions is found and the dominant subset is found using Apriori algorithm, and (4) AdaBoost and its hybrid classifiers are used to classify the diseases. In this paper, the real, modest, gentle and hybrid AdaBoost algorithms are implemented and tested with the dataset of 366 patients. The data preprocessing reduces the dimensionality of the dataset and improves the time complexity of the estimation of the diseases. Proposed methodologies are proved as a potential solution for diagnosing ESD with significant improvement in computational time and accuracy compared to other models discussed in the recent literature.


Erythemato-squamous diseases AdaBoost (real, gentle and modest) Support vector machine (SVM) Feature selection  Apriori algorithm 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Badrinath
    • 1
  • G. Gopinath
    • 1
  • K. S. Ravichandran
    • 2
    Email author
  • R. Girish Soundhar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirapalliIndia
  2. 2.School of ComputingSASTRA UniversityThanjavurIndia
  3. 3.Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and HospitalKalitheerthalkuppam, Madagadipet, PuducherryIndia

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