Positive affect has unique beneficial effects on psychological and physical health, independent of the effects of negative affect. Interventions that explicitly target positive affect show promise for improving health outcomes in a number of chronic illnesses. In this article, we present pilot data on the acceptability and feasibility of an online intervention to increase positive affect in those living with comorbid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and depression. The intervention was rated both acceptable and feasible by participants. Six of nine participants completed the intervention and the subsequent follow-up assessment and a post-intervention phone call. We also present outcomes of planned comparisons of intervention effects on emotion, which indicate that positive affect increased significantly in the intervention group. Based upon results of the current study, future research should continue the development of positive affect interventions for people living with comorbid HIV and depression.
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This work was Funded from a Grant to Judith T. Moskowitz from the UCSF Resource Allocation Program and was made possible with help from the Third Coast Center for AIDS Research (CFAR), an NIH funded center (P30 AI117943). Sarah M. Bassett was supported in this work by Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Grant 5T32HS000084-20.
Conflict of interest
All the authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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Bassett, S.M., Cohn, M., Cotten, P. et al. Feasibility and Acceptability of an Online Positive Affect Intervention for Those Living with Comorbid HIV Depression. AIDS Behav 23, 753–764 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02412-z
- Positive affect