AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 1057–1061 | Cite as

HIV Physicians and Chronic Opioid Therapy: It’s Time to Raise the Bar

  • Jennifer J. CarrollEmail author
  • Jonathan Colasanti
  • Marlene C. Lira
  • Carlos del Rio
  • Jeffrey H. Samet
Original Paper


Clinical practice that utilizes chronic opioid therapy has been recognized as one major cause of the opioid crisis. Among patients living with HIV, the risks associated with chronic opioid therapy may be complicated by factors such as co-occurring mental health diagnoses, substance use, and economic marginalization. Improving opioid prescribing practices in HIV clinics requires attention to these and other characteristics common to HIV care. In the context of a randomized controlled trial testing an intervention to improve opioid prescribing practices in HIV outpatient clinics, we interviewed physicians about their perspectives on chronic opioid therapy. Overwhelmingly, physicians voiced ambivalence about their own knowledge and comfort with prescription opioids. They raised concerns about the impact of opioid prescribing on patient-provider relationships and the increasing workload associated with prescribing and monitoring patients. In this report, we explore these concerns and propose several strategies for improving clinical care in which chronic opioid therapy is addressed.


HIV Opioids Pain Safety Prescribing 



This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health/National Institutes of Drug Abuse [R01DA037768 to J.H.S and C.d.R.]. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute on Drug Abuse or the National Institutes of Health.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer J. Carroll
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jonathan Colasanti
    • 3
    • 4
  • Marlene C. Lira
    • 5
  • Carlos del Rio
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jeffrey H. Samet
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of MedicineBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyElon UniversityElonUSA
  3. 3.Division of Infectious DiseasesEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  5. 5.Clinical Addiction Research and Education (CARE) Unit, Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineBoston Medical CenterBostonUSA
  6. 6.Department of Community Health SciencesBoston University School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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